POWER AFRICA IN RWANDA

ENERGY SECTOR OVERVIEW

The Government of Rwanda envisions transitioning from a developing country to a middle-income country. To achieve this goal, the government is targeting 100% electricity access by 2024. Rwanda is endowed with natural resources, including hydro, solar, and methane gas. It currently only has 209 MW of installed generation capacity. Based on Government data, Rwanda’s national electrification rate has reached 41% (11% off-grid, 30% on-grid). Over seven million people still lack access to electricity.

GENERATION CAPACITY

  • Installed Capacity: 209 MW
    • Hydroelectric: 110 MW
    • Thermal: 98 MW
  • Power Africa New MW to date Reached Financial Close: 127 MW
  • Power Africa 2030 Pipeline: 200 MW

CONNECTIONS

  • Current Access Rate: 41%
    • Rural: 9% Urban: 72%
  • People without Power: 8 million
  • Target: Universal access by 2024 (52% on-grid, 48% off-grid)
  • PA New Off-Grid Connections: 210,670

INVESTMENT AND ENABLING ENVIRONMENT

Biggest Issues

  1. Long-term misalignment of power supply and demand
  2. Grid condition prevents efficient utilization of power
  3. Limited financing for off-grid companies

Power Africa Interventions

  1. Support in on and off-grid energy policy development and implementation
  2. Transaction advisory services
  3. Technical assistance and capacity building for energy sector institutions
  4. Financing mobilization

POWER AFRICA’S ENGAGEMENT IN RWANDA

MW GENERATION

Through the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA), the Overseas Private Investment

Corporation (OPIC), and the Africa Clean Energy Finance Initiative (ACEF), Power Africa has supported feasibility studies for micro-hydro projects. In addition, various firms have received U.S. Embassy support to move transactions forward. Through USAID, Power Africa is working to strengthen the capacity of the Rwanda Utility Regulatory Agency (RURA) to effectively regulate the energy sector.

CONNECTIONS

Power Africa supports the utility in streamlining processes in transmission project procurement and execution to ensure achievement of project milestones and strengthen operational capacity of the system. These efforts will boost transmission capacity, enable regional trade/power pools, and improve capacity of utility to procure and manage contracts.

Along with other donors, Power Africa has advised the government on the design and implementation of its off-grid strategy. It is contributing to a multi-donor program to accelerate access to electricity for bottom of the pyramid households and to track growth of the off-grid solar market through an innovative database and verification mechanism. It is mobilizing off-grid finance through USAID’s Development Credit Authority and technical assistance to local financial institutions and USADF has provided grant funding to two women-owned Rwandan off-grid businesses.

FACT SHEET

 

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Last updated: March 28, 2018

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