POWER AFRICA FACT SHEET
Power Africa has supported the development of 98 megawatts (MW) of electricity generation projects in Malawi. In addition, various firms have received U.S. Embassy support to move transactions forward. The page below gives an overview of the energy sector in Malawi, explains Power Africa's involvement and lists Power Africa’s financially closed transactions in the country, some of which are already online and generating critical electricity supply for the people of Malawi.
MALAWI ENERGY SECTOR OVERVIEW
Population: 18.14 million | GDP (1): $7.07 billion
With a high population density, Malawi has one of the lowest per capita GDPs in the world. The country has the capacity to generate 439 megawatts (MW), though Malawi’s heavy reliance on large hydro is often constrained by drought and low water levels.
Malawi’s energy sector has gone through important sector reform efforts recently, including the unbundling of the national utility, the Electric Supply Company of Malawi (ESCOM) and the establishment of the Electricity Generation Company of Malawi (EGENCO). The restructuring of Malawi’s power market is underway, with strong investor interest and political will for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) to enter the market. Moving forward, there is high potential for solar and new hydro technologies to enter into the power market.
Power Africa is supporting three projects totalling 470 MWs, including 120 MWs of new solar PV generation and 350 MWs of new hydro. Construction of the 60 MW Salima Solar project started in March 2020, but is now on hold due to COVID-19. Power Africa is also supporting the development of the 350 MW Mpatamanga Hydro project, which is a Public Private Partnership; a PPA and Implementation agreement is expected to be approved before December 2020. Issues with transparent utility regulation, access to finance, and sustaining off-grid projects persist.
Installed Capacity (2): 532 MW
Hydroelectric: 372 MW
Solar: 60 MWs expected to be online in 2021
Biomass: 18.5 MW
Other/Diesel: 141.5 MW
Power Africa new MW to date at financial close: 98 MW
Current Access Rate (3): 15%
Power Africa new connections: 295,985
POWER AFRICA SUCCESS STORIES IN MALAWI
Championing Change: 7 Ways Men Can Advance Gender Equality at Work
The Electricity Generation Company in Malawi (EGENCO) and Electricidade de Moçambique (EDM) are two energy utilities at the forefront of gender equality in sub-Saharan Africa. Male engagement is key to their success, and in 2022 they bolstered their commitment through a Power Africa-led training for men in leadership positions.
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Mapping Market Expansion for Off-Grid Companies in Southern Africa
Power Africa's publicly available route-to-market (RTM) tools provide geospatial data and techniques to map population density, electrification, telecoms, and road infrastructure to help solar home system (SHS) companies prioritize geographic markets for increased sales and greater energy access in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia.
Building Malawi’s First Utility-Scale Solar-Plus-Storage Power Project
Performance Management Tweaks Boost Power Generation in Malawi
POWER AFRICA FINANCIALLY CLOSED TRANSACTIONS IN MALAWI
October 21, 2019
Nkula A Rehabilitation (Hydro – 12 MW)
Financial Close Date: 09/29/2015
Commercial Operations Date: 09/01/2018
Estimated Project Cost: $45M
Overview: Through the Nkula A project, the Electricity Company Malawi Limited (EGENCO) rehabilitated, upgraded, and modernized the Nkula A Hydropower Plant. The plant’s original nameplate capacity of 36 MW was restored from previous operations at 24 MW prior to the rehabilitation. Power Africa partner, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), provided support through the Millennium Challenge Account-Malawi which awarded the contract for the rehabilitation, upgrade, and modernization of the power plant to Andritz Hydro (Austria) in a joint venture with Mota Engil (Portugal).
JCM Salina Solar (Solar 60 MW)