Power Africa in Namibia



The power sector in Namibia has undertaken several reforms aimed at attracting Independent Power Producers (IPPs) by providing a stable investment environment. Such reforms include the horizontal consolidation of more than 70 distributors into five regional electricity distribution companies (REDs) and the establishment of transparent tariff setting procedures, all overseen by the sector regulator, the Electricity Control Board (ECB). While the country’s generation mix is comprised primarily of hydropower, the majority of electricity is imported (about 60% of the total electrical energy requirement), primarily through bilateral contracts from South Africa’s Eskom and to a lesser extent, the Southern Africa Power Pool (SAPP). 

The Government of Namibia has taken steps to increase generation from other sources, including through a renewable energy feed-in-tariff (REFIT) program, which USAID helped design. In addition to the REFIT projects, Namibia’s first IPP project, a 4.5 MW solar PV plant also came online recently. NamPower(the national power company utility of Namibia) recently awarded a contract to build a 37 MW solar PV power plant in the southern part of the country, and has signed Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) for two10 MW solar PV plants and a 44 MW wind plant. Namibia’s REDs are also procuring embedded generation plants, the first of which is the operational 5 MW solar PV plant by the Central Northern RED (CENORED) and the second a 3 MW solar PV plant with offtake by ErongoRED. In 2017, ECB and the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) released the National Integrated Resource Plan (NIRP), which provides a twenty-year development plan for electricity supply. Implementation of the NIRP will be critical to Namibia’s energy security as demand currently outstrips domestic supply, therefore paving the way for Namibia to secure future generation assets through a mix of renewable and baseload power as well as regional power trade through SAPP. To that end, ECB and NamPower have undertaken grid studies to determine the grid’s capacity to handle intermittent renewable resources. 


  • Installed Capacity: 550 MW
    • Thermal: 168.5 MW
    • Hydro: 347 MW
    • Solar: 62.5 MW
    • Wind: 5 MW
  • Reached Financial Close: 107 MW


  • Current Access Rate: 45%
    • Rural: 19% Urban: 70%
  • Households without Power: 253,640
  • Target: Namibia Vision 2030: Basic social services and infrastructural facilities available in both urban & rural areas.
  • Power Africa New Off-Grid Connections: 14,742


Biggest Issues

  1. Macroeconomic forces
  2. Lack of creditworthy utilities
  3. Lack of strong, transparent regulator

Power Africa Interventions

  1. Loss reduction with utilities
  2. Partnership with National Association of Regulatory Utilities to support regulator



USAID/Southern Africa, through the Africa Infrastructure Program, provided capacity-building and transaction support to ECB in establishing the framework and enabling environment to attract private capital. To that end, USAID worked with ECB to establish the REFIT program along with accompanying regulations in order to create an environment beneficial to organizing IPPs into Namibia’s electricity sector. As a result of the REFIT, ECB granted 14 licenses to IPP developers for 5 MW projects for a total of 70 MW of renewable energy. All 14 of those projects have reached financial close, and 11 of them are operational, resulting in 55 MW of new generation being delivered. The last of the projects are expected to achieve commercial operation by December 2018.

In March 2017, USAID/Southern Africa launched the Southern Africa Energy Program (SAEP), which provides technical assistance support to various public and private stakeholders, including ECB, NamPower, and the Ministry of Mines and Energy related to five outcomes: Improved Regulation, Planning, and Procurement for Energy; Improved Commercial Viability of Utilities; Improved Regional Harmonization and Cross-Border Trade; Scaled Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency; and Increased Human and Institutional Expertise. 


Last updated: October 21, 2019

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