Botswana

 

ENERGY SECTOR OVERVIEW

Botswana currently generates the bulk of its current power from coal, and sits on large coal reserves of around 200 billion tons. Botswana also has coal bed methane reserves of 0.15 – 3.2 tcf at the Lesedi field.  The country also has significant solar potential, with 3,200 hours of sunshine per year, and irradiance of 6640 Wh/m2/day. Only a fraction (174 MW) of installed capacity is available to produce power, and additional demand is met through electricity imports, primarily from South Africa.

GENERATION CAPACITY

  • Installed Capacity: 550 MW
    • Diesel: 550 mw
  • Power Africa New MW to Date Reached Financial Close: N/A
  • Power Africa 2020 Pipeline: 100 mw

CONNECTIONS

  • Current Access Rate: 53%
    • Rural: 32% Urban: 71%
  • People without Power: 211,000
  • Power Africa New Connections: N/A

INVESTMENT AND ENABLING ENVIRONMENT

Biggest Issues and Bottlenecks

  1. Financial constraints on BPC resulting from Morupule B power plant
  2. Poor implementation of policy frameworks to encourage private sector investment
  3. Lack of experience with renewable energy, both on and off grid.

Power Africa Interventions

  1. Support BPC 100 MW solar procurement
  2. Regional natural gas strategy

POWER AFRICA’S ENGAGEMENT IN BOTSWANA

MW GENERATION

Power Africa’s presence is nascent in Botswana, operating under the Southern Africa Energy Program (SAEP), which commenced in 2017.  Power Africa is assisting with BPC’s ongoing procurement for 100 MW of solar PV. If the tender is successful, this could draw more interest to Botswana, as the country’s credit rating and currency are noted to be stronger than other countries in the region.

ON-GRID CONNECTIONS

No planned activities.

OFF-GRID CONNECTIONS

No planned activities.

FACTSHEET

Last updated: August 24, 2018

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