Power Africa has supported the development of 779 megawatts (MW) of electricity generation projects in Kenya. In addition, various firms have received U.S. Embassy support to move transactions forward. The page below gives an overview of the energy sector in Kenya, explains Power Africa's involvement and lists Power Africa’s financially closed transactions in the country, some of which are already online and generating critical electricity supply for the people of Kenya.

A solar array powering a mini-grid serving more than 300 households in Kisii County, Kenya.
A solar array powering a mini-grid serving more than 300 households in Kisii County, Kenya. Photo Credit: Power Africa


Population (1): 47.5 million (based on August, 2019 Kenyan census data) | GDP (2): $87.9 billion

Kenya has one of the most developed power sectors in sub-Saharan Africa, having opened its market to Independent Power Producers (IPPs) in the mid-1990s. Kenya benefits from factors including: an active private sector; Kenya Power’s long track record as a creditworthy off-taker; and abundant renewable energy resources, especially geothermal, wind and solar. Limited and aging distribution infrastructure, high technical and commercial losses, opaque procurement processes, right of way disputes, PPA inconsistencies, and other challenges affect sector growth. A lower-than-forecasted demand growth has also forced the sector to scale down on approval of new generation capacity. Power Africa activities in Kenya are guided by a cooperation framework. The current Power Africa-Government of Kenya Cooperation Framework was signed in June 2018, to cover the 2018-2023 implementation period.


  • Total Installed Capacity (3): 2,819 MW

    • Hydro: 826 MW
    • Geothermal: 828 MW
    • Thermal (MSD & GT): 749 MW
    • Wind: 331 MW
    • Solar: 51 MW
    • Biomass: 28 MW

Power Africa new MW to date at financial close: 779 MW


  • Current Access Rate (4): 75%
    • Urban: 100%
    • Rural: 65.7%
  • Power Africa new connections: 4,828,397


Power Africa Awards Four Grants to Promote Productive Uses of Energy to Empower Kenyan Women

Magdalene Mbinya using a solar-powered mill on her farm in Yatta, Machakos County, Kenya.
Magdalene Mbinya using a solar-powered mill on her farm in Yatta, Machakos County, Kenya. Photo Credit: Agsol



Power Africa, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has awarded $400,000 in grants to four companies operating in Kenya. The grantees — three suppliers of agricultural and off-grid solar products and a microfinance institution — will use these funds to introduce new products and services that will enable more Kenyan women to use clean energy to increase their incomes, electrify their businesses, and improve farming yields. READ more on our blog

Powering the Future: Kenya Makes Strides in Regional Energy Leadership

A Kenya Power employee working on a grid connection at Kasarani area, Kenya
A Kenya Power employee working on a grid connection at Kasarani area, Kenya.
Mwangi Kirubi




Power Africa is expanding affordable and reliable electricity services in Kenya to support inclusive economic growth, security, and improved health and education. In Kenya, Power Africa works to optimize power supply, increase grid-based power connections, and strengthen utilities and other energy sector entities. READ more on our blog

Engaging Kenyan Communities in Energy Development

Kenya’s Geothermal Development Company (GDC) supports community engagement efforts to improve livelihoods in communities involved in energy projects, including a Happy Customer Service Week like this one
Kenya’s Geothermal Development Company (GDC) supports community engagement efforts to improve livelihoods in communities involved in energy projects, including a Happy Customer Service Week like this one in Magadi with the GDC Managing Director. 

Energy infrastructure development is about more than megawatts; it enables better health care, education, economic growth, and other sustainable development outcomes. Power Africa is leading an approach that puts communities at the center of energy infrastructure development by directly engaging the people whose lands and livelihoods are impacted by it. As a result, energy companies and developers in Kenya are proactively assessing community needs, developing relationships based on transparency and trust, and reshaping how energy infrastructure impacts their customers. READ more on our blog

Celebrating Clean Power in Kenya: The Kipeto Wind Farm

Alongside USAID Kenya and partners such as Actis, African Trade Insurance Agency, and BTE Renewables (formerly BioTherm Energy), Power Africa supported the Kipeto Wind Farm in Kenya. Comprising of 60 wind turbines supplied by Power Africa partner General Electric, Kipeto will generate 100 megawatts (MW) of clean electricity to power approximately 250,000 Kenyan households. The Kipeto Wind Farm’s journey from concept to LightsOn demonstrates the breadth of Power Africa support, and showcases the incredible achievements made possible through public-private partnership. READ more on our blog

Promoting Cleaner, More Reliable Lighting and Cooking Systems Improves Lives for Women in Kenya

Through a Power Africa grant, LivelyHoods—a non-profit enterprise working in informal settlements in Kenya—could alleviate energy poverty and women’s unemployment from two angles. 

First, LivelyHoods partnered with the Busara Center for Behavioral Economics to design a credit program for renewable energy products that was clear, accessible, and convenient to lower-income households. Second, LivelyHoods trained and employed women to offer these products on credit in their communities. 

READ about the benefits unlocked by this grant on our blog

Delivering Cleaner, “Smarter” Cooking Systems to Underserved Communities in Kenya

Power Africa grantee, Bboxx Kenya, is helping households, like Caroline's, cut their cooking fuel expenditure AND harmful emissions at the same time with their pioneering pay-as-you-cook system. READ more on our blog

Developing COVID-19 Return-To-Work Strategies

Ngong Hills Wind Farm
Ngong Hills Wind Farm
Ngaga Ireri

Power Africa helped KenGen create an official COVID-19 return-to-work strategy for the utility’s more than 2,500 employees. READ more on our blog.


Strengthening utility operational efficiency through data analytics

Mwangi Chege from Kenya Power
Read Mwangi Chege's Q&A on our blog
Kenya Power

Mwangi Chege, electrical engineer, describes how Kenya Power is using data analytics to improve performance, and shares his experience working with the Power Africa team.

READ his Q&A on our blog



Updated: October 21, 2019

Cummins Baringo (Biomass – 8.4MW)

Financial Close Date: 03/31/2014
Commercial Operations Date: TBD
Estimated Project Cost: $30M
Overview: Power Africa supported Cummins Cogeneration Limited (CCL) to move the Baringo project forward with US Government assistance provided through the U.S. Africa Clean Energy Finance Initiative (ACEF), a collaboration between Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the U.S. Trade and Development Agency and the U.S. Department of State.  CCL and co-developer Gentec Energy estimates the plant will employ 2,500 locals, many of them women, and that it will operate for 20 years. An invasive weed known as methenge is a menace to residents of Baringo County, suppressing other forms of vegetation and greatly reducing grazing areas for livestock. The project seeks to turn this weed into biomass-based power generation and create positive socio-economic impacts in the community.

Garden City Mall Solar System (Solar Micro-Grid - .86MW)

Financial Close Date: 06/01/2016
Commercial Operations Date: TBD
Estimated Project Cost: $1.9M
Overview: The 858-kilowatt Garden City Mall Solar System is integrated into a rooftop carpark of a 33,000 square meter mall, providing clean energy to the mall and surrounding mixed-use buildings.  It is one of the largest rooftop solar projects in East Africa. The United States Government provided funding through USAID’s Global Development Alliance Investment Fund. The Crossboundary Investment Fund financed construction and pays for ongoing maintenance in exchange for a long-term commitment from businesses purchasing the power. In addition to powering the mall, the installation will offset around 18,750 tons of carbon over the lifetime of the system.

KenGen Olkaria V (Geothermal – 158MW)

Financial Close Date: 1/12/2017
Commercial Operations Date: 5/31/2019
Estimated Project Cost: $490M
Overview: In 2016, Power Africa and Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) concluded a Cooperation Framework, which established a strategic partnership towards advancing Kenya’s energy goals. To this Cooperation Framework, Power Africa assisted KenGen in optimizing reservoir productivity across the entire Olkaria field. To help finance this deal, the Japan International Cooperation Agency, a Power Africa Partner, signed a loan agreement with the Government of the Republic of Kenya.

Kipeto (Wind – 100MW)

Financial Close Date: 12/18/2018
Commercial Operations Date: 04/09/2020
Estimated Project Cost: $320M
Overview: The energy generated from Kipeto, the second largest wind farm in Kenya, will be sold exclusively to the national offtaker under a 20-year power purchase agreement.  The project is funded by equity from Actis and a Kenyan company, Craftskills Wind Energy International, alongside $233 million in debt financing from Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the US Government’s development finance institution.  Overseas Private Investment Corporation has also committed $50 million in re-insurance while the African Trade Insurance Agency is providing a standalone guarantee. A U.S. company will provide the 60 wind turbines required for the project, which also consists of underground cables to a substation, and a 220 kV overhead transmission line.  Power Africa conducted a Biodiversity Action Plan to mitigate possible impacts of wind turbines on endangered raptors at the site. Power Africa’s partner, Actis, undertook extensive community engagement efforts including the development of a Community Development Framework and the creation of a Community Trust. As one of the first wind Independent Power Producers in Kenya, Kipeto paves the way for future private investment in Kenya’s nascent wind energy sector.

Lake Turkana (Wind – 310MW)

Financial Close Date: 12/17/2014
Commercial Operations Date: 9/29/2017
Estimated Project Cost: $1,095M
Overview: Lake Turkana Wind Power Project will provide up to 310 MW of wind power to the Kenya national grid and is one of the biggest investments ever made in Kenya. Power Africa partner Aldwych co-developed the project with other private sector actors. Power Africa has supported this project through multiple agencies: USAID is creating an enabling environment for renewable power in Kenya by supporting a Grid Management program to help Kenya with grid management of intermittent renewables; Power Africa partners Standard Bank of South Africa, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Nedbank committed financing and insurance; and US Treasury Department also supported the African Development Bank Project Risk Guarantee for the associated transmission line.

Malindi Solar (Solar - 40MW)

Financial Close Date: 05/31/2019


  1. census data as of August 2019)

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