The Government of Tanzania has made a commitment, both to its people and to the international community, to improve democratic governance. While Tanzania has a number of government accountability structures, their use by citizens to ensure greater transparency and accountability has been limited. Public resource oversight by citizens remains a gap in the fight against corruption and improved service delivery. Along with government oversight, performance gaps were also highlighted during the 2015 general elections.
The U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) strives to reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria prevalence with the long-term goal of elimination. With support from PMI and its partners, malaria control interventions are being scaled up and critical commodities are being distributed to vulnerable populations. PMI employs an integrated approach emphasizing prevention through insecticide treated nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying, and prevention of malaria in pregnancy. Disease control is also emphasized through prompt diagnosis and correct treatment, strengthened malaria surveillance, developing human resources capacity, and promoting positive behaviors for malaria prevention and case management.
USAID partners with Tanzanians to improve biodiversity conservation by building sustainable livelihoods and supporting natural resource management. This strategy involves developing and implementing key national environmental policies while supporting community-based conservation.
As part of a comprehensive approach to nutrition under Feed the Future and the Global Health Initiative, USAID/Tanzania focuses on reducing the prevalence of chronic undernutrition and maternal anemia through integrated health and agriculture programs and services at the district and community levels. USAID’s nutrition programming is fully aligned with the Government of Tanzania’s National Behavioral Change Communication Strategy and the new National Nutrition Strategy (2016-2020), awaiting final Cabinet approval.
Tanzania has one of Africa’s fastest growing economies with nearly 7 percent annual GDP growth since 2000. While the Tanzanian economy has grown by leaps and bounds, widespread poverty still persists with over 46 percent (2011) of the population living below the extreme poverty line of $1.90 per day. USAID programs in Tanzania are consistent with U.S. foreign policy and the Government of Tanzania’s national development goals.
Last updated: February 28, 2017