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USAID is providing technical assistance to support Vietnam’s implementation of customs reform.
USAID is providing technical assistance to support Vietnam’s implementation of customs reform.

Vietnam’s commitment to fostering inclusive growth and prosperity has underpinned strong economic growth rates over the past two decades, drastically reducing poverty rates from nearly 60 percent of the population in the 1990s to under five percent in 2018. Nevertheless, key challenges to sustainable growth remain. USAID programs in Vietnam bolster continued development by strategically focusing resources where they are needed most – to strengthen economic governance; expand access to quality higher education; control transmission of HIV/AIDS and address threats to global health security; improve the welfare of persons with disabilities; and address environmental challenges, including biodiversity conservation and dioxin contamination.


Vietnam needs to continue its progress in governance and competitiveness to avoid the “middle income trap” and continue its economic growth and international integration. To address this, USAID promotes legal reform and transparency in law-making, accountability, enhanced customs and trade procedures, improved access to information, increased competitiveness, and strengthened linkages between small- and medium-sized enterprises and global value chains. For example, USAID helped Vietnam rewrite over 180 commercial laws and regulations, contributing to a significant improvement in the country’s competitiveness ranking from 82 to 68 in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2018 report – Vietnam’s largest increase in the past decade. USAID’s Higher Education projects focus on modernizing the country’s education system in technology and engineering, medicine, and liberal arts. Having already impacted more than 30,000 students, USAID is helping Vietnam produce job-ready graduates and demonstrate demand-driven models to promote wider higher education reform.


Under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID has supported life-saving HIV antiretroviral (ARV) treatment for more than 71,000 people. In 2017, USAID procured ARV drugs for 55,500 HIV patients. USAID’s Global Health Security-related assistance combats highly pathogenic avian influenza and other pandemic threats. Since 2010, USAID has helped over 30,000 persons with disabilities, by improving access to high quality health services and advocating for public policies that protect their rights and provide systematic services.


Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. USAID partners with the government and private sector to develop and implement strategies that promote renewable energy, forest preservation, and biodiversity conservation. At Vietnam’s request, USAID has completed the clean up of dioxin-contaminated soil and sediment at Danang Airport, decades after the war, and is beginning clean-up of Bien Hoa airbase outside Ho Chi Minh City.

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Vietnam Country Profile

Vietnam Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2014 - 2019


Last updated: August 12, 2019

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