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USAID is providing technical assistance to support Vietnam’s implementation of customs reform.
USAID is providing technical assistance to support Vietnam’s implementation of customs reform.

Vietnam’s efforts to open its economy to global trade and investment have contributed to high growth rates over the past two decades and drastic reductions in poverty – from nearly 60 percent of the population in the 1990s to under five percent in 2018. Nevertheless, key challenges to sustainable growth remain. USAID works with Vietnam to strengthen economic governance; expand access to quality higher education; control transmission of HIV/AIDS and address threats to global health security; improve the welfare of persons with disabilities; and address environmental challenges, including biodiversity conservation and dioxin contamination.


To drive economic progress and address governance constraints to development, USAID promotes legal reform and transparency in law-making, accountability, access to information, and increased competiveness. These improved capabilities contribute to increased public participation while supporting Vietnam’s further integration into global markets. In the last 10 years, USAID support to improve economic growth and trade has helped Vietnam rewrite over 180 laws and regulations affecting commercial activities and related judicial procedures and the country’s ranking jumped from 82 to 68 in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2018 report – Vietnam’s highest increase in the past decade. Through a new generation of programs, USAID is helping to level the playing field by streamlining customs and trade procedures, and strengthening linkages between Vietnamese small and medium enterprises and global value chains. Having already impacted more than 30,000 students, USAID is helping Vietnam produce job-ready graduates, skilled to compete in a global market. USAID’s Higher Education projects focus on technology and engineering, medicine, and liberal arts.


Under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID activities to prevent HIV and treat and care for people living with the disease reach over 90,000 people in Vietnam, including through active civil society partnerships. USAID’s Global Health Security-related assistance combats highly pathogenic avian influenza and other pandemic threats. Since 2010, USAID has improved the welfare of over 30,000 persons with disabilities, by providing higher quality services, advocacy support and promoting public policies that protect their rights and provide systematic services.


Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. USAID helps the government and private sector develop and implement strategies in promotion of renewable energy, forest preservation, and biodiversity conservation. At Vietnam’s request, USAID has completed the clean up of dioxin-contaminated soil and sediment at Danang Airport decades after war and is beginning clean-up of Bien Hoa airbase outside Ho Chi Minh City.

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Vietnam Country Profile

Vietnam Country Development Cooperation Strategy 2014 - 2019


Last updated: September 17, 2018

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