Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Syria

Map of Syria

September 30, 2018


  • The UN estimates that 13.1 million people inside Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance. Of those, 10.5 million are food insecure, or unable to meet basic food needs.
  • Soaring food prices, widespread displacement, disrupted markets and transport systems, damaged agricultural systems, and loss of jobs and livelihoods have led to unprecedented food insecurity throughout Syria.
  • Additionally, more than 5.6 million refugees from Syria reside in the neighboring countries of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey. In many host countries, Syrian refugees lack legal livelihood opportunities and depend on emergency food assistance. Syrian refugees and host communities are increasingly vulnerable to food insecurity, deteriorating living conditions, and protection risks.
  • The protracted crisis in Syria continues to bear an enormous cost on the surrounding countries. Over-burdened infrastructure, schools, and health clinics, coupled with borders closed to trade, are straining the generosity of countries hosting Syrian refugees.


  • Since Fiscal Year 2012, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (FFP) has provided more than $2.8 billion in emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis—approximately $1.8 billion to assist vulnerable families inside Syria and over $1 billion for vulnerable refugees in neighboring countries, as well as more than $7 million for a regional food-security analysis program.
  • FFP funding supports programs that reach approximately 3 million beneficiaries inside Syria and an additional 1 million Syrian refugees each month. Inside Syria, FFP partners, including the UUN World Food Program (WFP) and non- governmental organizations, provide flour to bakeries, monthly household food parcels or food vouchers to vulnerable Syrians, and ready-to-eat rations for newly displaced populations.
  • Since 2012, WFP’s refugee operations, with FFP resources, have generated $3.8 billion into local economies in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey primarily through cash-based transfers and local food procurement. The programs generate significant benefits for the local economies by creating jobs in supermarkets and local shops, increasing business for food wholesalers and food producers, and generating tax revenue.


Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

Fiscal Year U.S. Dollars
Fiscal Year 2018 $514.6 million
Fiscal Year 2017 $401.8 million
Fiscal Year 2016 $330.4 million


Country Specific Guidance

Related Resources


Last updated: November 20, 2018

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