Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Syria

April 21, 2017

Basic Map of Syria
OCHA Map of Syria

Food Security Situation

  • The UN estimates that 13.5 million people inside Syria are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. Of those, 7 million are food-insecure, or unable to meet basic food needs, while an additional 2 million are at risk of becoming food-insecure. In neighboring countries, 2.7 million Syrian refugees currently require emergency food assistance, the UN estimates.
  • Declining agricultural production (due to reduced inputs and damage to irrigation systems), widespread displacement, disruption of markets and transportation, elimination of bread subsidies, damage to mills and bakeries, and loss of livelihoods continue to contribute to unprecedented food insecurity in Syria. In neighboring countries, Syrian refugees lack legal livelihood opportunities and depend on emergency food assistance for their households.

Food Assistance Programs

  • Since Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) has provided nearly $1.9 billion in emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis: approximately $1.2 billion for programs inside Syria and approximately $722 million for programs benefiting refugees in neighboring countries, as well as more than $7 million for a regional food-security analysis program.

  • FFP is the largest donor of emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis. Of all the funding the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) has received for the Syria crisis, FFP has provided approximately 32 percent. FFP is also the single largest supporter of non-governmental organization (NGO) food assistance inside Syria.

  • FFP funding supports programs that every month reach approximately 5 million beneficiaries inside Syria and an additional 1.6 million Syrian refugees  in neighboring countries. Inside Syria, FFP partners (WFP and NGOs) provide flour to bakeries, monthly household food parcels, smaller ready-to-eat rations for recently displaced populations, and food vouchers. For Syrian refugees, FFP partner WFP provides electronic debit-card food vouchers for use in supermarkets and stores.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars
Fiscal Year 2017 $127.4 million
Fiscal Year 2016 $330.4 million
Fiscal Year 2015 $594.3 million
Fiscal Year 2014 $467.2 million
Fiscal Year 2013 $383.3 million


Note: FY: Fiscal Year. 

Last updated: April 21, 2017

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