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- Agriculture and Food Security
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- U.S. Global Development Lab
August 18, 2014
Food Security Situation
After nearly three years of continuing conflict between government and opposition forces, the United Nations (U.N.) estimates that 10.8 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, 6.4 million people are internally displaced, and more than 2.9 million people have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.
The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) estimates that more than 6.3 million people within Syria require emergency food assistance. Reductions in agricultural production, widespread displacement, disruption of markets and transportation, elimination of bread subsidies, damage to infrastructure including mills and bakeries, and loss of livelihoods are contributing to unprecedented food insecurity in Syria.
On July 30, 2014 U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry announced that the US Government would provide nearly $378 million in additional humanitarian assistance to populations affected by the crisis in Syria. This total included approximately $191 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) for continued food assistance.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID/FFP provides emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis through two WFP emergency operations: One reaching approximately 4 million conflict-affected persons inside Syria, and a second reaching more than 1.7 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. USAID/FFP also partners with NGOs to provide an additional 680,000 persons inside Syria with emergency family rations and/or flour.
In response to the complex crisis, USAID/FFP uses a variety of mechanisms to deliver food assistance, including family rations (all 14 governorates), supplementary nutritional food for children, flour-to-bakeries programs, bread vouchers, food vouchers (for refugees in neighboring countries), and meal replacement bars (for new refugees).
Food for Peace Contributions
|Fiscal Year 2014||$467.2 million|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$383.3 million|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$47.0 million|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Program Description|
|Title II||$5.0 million||Wheat Flour, Supplementary Foods, Emergency Meal Bars|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$462.2 million||Wheat Flour, Family Rations, Food Vouchers|
Note: FY: Fiscal Year; MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; OCHA: U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of August 2014.
Last updated: August 18, 2014