Fact Sheets

Speeches Shim

Ukraine has been a source, transit, and destination country for human trafficking since the early 1990s. Men, women, and children are trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and begging and sexual and other forms of exploitation. The main countries of destination for trafficked Ukrainians have been the Russian Federation, Poland, and Turkey, as well as internal human trafficking within Ukraine. The problem has been exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.

Despite notable progress, civil society and media organizations often lack the financial sustainability, influence, and training to effectively function at the national and local levels. Due to undeveloped domestic funding sources, these sectors are still largely dependent on international funding. Greater domestic funding would strengthen local ownership and increase public confidence in Ukraine’s civil society and independent media sectors. This is exacerbated by Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, which has increased the need for community-level action while eroding the domestic resource base. To address these challenges, USAID funds activities to promote financial independence, increase organizational capacity and effectiveness, and further empower civil society and independent media to contribute to Ukraine’s independent, democratic, and European future.

The USAID One Health Workforce – Next Generation (OHW-NG) project empowers One Health University Networks to develop and deliver model programs that equip professionals with the transdisciplinary skills needed to address complex global health issues. Since 2011 in partnership with USAID, the Southeast Asia One Health University Network (SEAOHUN) has worked to develop a resilient and robust One Health workforce to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats – now and for generations to come.

USAID signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Ministry of Education,Vocational Training, Higher Education and Scientific Research, the Lalla Asmaa Foundation, and Mohammed V University, establishing a framework for collaboration to promote deaf education in Morocco using MSL and Modern Standard Arabic. This MOU also lays the groundwork for the formal legal recognition of MSL as a language of instruction in Morocco. The four-year Morocco Inclusive Education Teacher Training Activity, facilitated through the MOU, will strengthen deaf education in primary schools by providing MSL and specialized deaf education training to teachers.

The USAID Dakira Program, implemented by the High Atlas Foundation and its local partners, aims to collaboratively develop and pioneer a unique participatory approach to the educational preservation of Morocco’s multicultural history. The program encourages local communities to capture, preserve, and transmit their collective memories so that they are better equipped to take ownership of the revitalization of their own histories. This introspective, experience-sharing approach among local participants maximizes relationship building, leading to collective actions that improve livelihoods and a deepened discovery of Morocco’s multicultural identity.

Despite progress in some areas of media development, the media sector in the Western Balkans remains fragile and under threat. Weak economies and long periods of the political capture of media and advertising markets have left independent media, particularly online outlets, unable to compete with the entertaining, yet biased, pro-government news outlets. Media are also challenged to collect and analyze demographic and audience interest data, which hinders effective business strategies that create monetized products and services to expand audience reach. Public trust in media continues to be low and audiences are increasingly unable to get information on issues that affect their daily lives. Further, as journalists often lack access to technology and have limited skills to use it, they struggle to produce multimedia material, such as infographics or videos, through which they can provide balanced information that the average media consumer can use. To address these issues, USAID contributes to North Macedonia’s efforts to increase the accountability of government institutions and of citizens, as well as their ability to counter corruption, by strengthening independent media.

Since 2018, North Macedonia has been ranked among the European countries which are least resilient to malign influence from disinformation campaigns. This leads to societal divisions, lack of trust, polarization, and reduced social cohesion. At the same time, there is recognition that to become involved in and contribute to democratic processes, all citizens— especially youth— should have highly developed media literacy and critical thinking skills as a foundation for active participation in society. USAID contributes to North Macedonia’s efforts to empower youth to take an active role in the country’s development.

The mobilization of people and resources to address priority issues consistently emerges as a pressing need in Roma communities. Roma remain the most marginalized ethnic group in North Macedonia. Many government strategies and programs aimed at addressing various Roma issues have not produced the expected positive effects on Roma lives. Roma primarily live in segregated communities often lacking the basic infrastructure for quality life, such as paved roads, electricity, water supply, and sewage systems. USAID contributes to North Macedonia’s efforts to promote inclusivity, improve economic security and growth, engage youth in social and economic opportunities, and increase local governments’ responsiveness and accountability to citizens. A fundamental principle for success is local ownership and amplifying local capacity to achieve results.

Gender-based violence (GBV) undermines safety, health, wellbeing, economic potential, and human rights. In addition to the human cost to survivors, GBV has direct and indirect costs for families, communities, and economies, and undermines democratic governance, development, and public health. Staff of organizations that respond to and address GBV often deal with burnout and secondary trauma due to the nature of their work, including physical, psychological, and emotional health problems. Currently, North Macedonia has no official programs or policies in place for GBV staff support. To address GBV effectively, frontline workers who support survivors need support, themselves, to do their jobs. USAID contributes to North Macedonia’s efforts to improve economic security and growth, and increase local governments’ responsiveness and accountability to citizens.

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Last updated: May 21, 2022

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