Sustainable Development

A man sowing coffee beans in the rainforest in Peru


Cocaine production in Peru sustains an illegal industry that promotes crime, damages the social fabric, threatens governance, degrades the environment, and harms the economy of local communities. This industry is mainly concentrated in rural areas of the country's Amazon, particularly those with little state presence and high poverty rates, and takes advantage of these conditions to generate economic and social clusters of illegal activities.

In this context, USAID supports Peru in the design and implementation of a sustainable development model which, through comprehensive interventions (multi-sectoral and intergovernmental), contributes to generating new opportunities for populations at risk. In this way, thousands of families can move from illegal social and economic spaces to legal and sustainable development spaces.


  • USAID seeks to continue strengthening the institutional capacities of public entities (national and subnational) involved in the implementation of the National Anti-Drug Policy. In particular, it seeks to consolidate spaces and instruments for articulation both at the political-strategic and operational level, in order to achieve greater levels of effectiveness in efforts to combat drug trafficking.
  • Likewise, USAID contributes to the consolidation of the private sector in Peru as a fundamental actor for the development of the value chain of different products (such as cocoa, coffee, plantain, timber, among others). Thus, and in coordination with the action of the State, economic opportunities are generated for the population and spaces for legal activities are consolidated.
  • In addition, USAID directly promotes sustainable agroforestry, local governance, capacity building, infrastructure development, digitization, and digital and financial inclusion; elements that, as a whole, establish the bases for sustainable development.


Through USAID’s actions, territories with licit and sustainable structures have been consolidated, articulated in the economic and social spheres, which has been reflected in the average improvement of the income of the population in about 97.5%, between the years 2018-2022.