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UPC Renewables Wind Farm
U.S. Company UPC Renewables Wind Farm in Sidrap, Indonesia, the first in the country.
UPC Renewables

Indonesia is home to some of the world’s richest tropical forests and marine ecosystems. Mismanagement, deforestation, destructive practices and extreme weather events, however, are putting tremendous pressure on these natural resources. Under the framework of the 2015 U.S.-Indonesia Strategic Partnership, Indonesia and the United States partner directly to address environmental challenges and climate security.

On behalf of the American people, the United States Government through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) supports Indonesia’s development agenda by helping conserve and better manage Indonesia’s forest and marine ecosystems while advancing U.S. security and prosperity. In close collaboration with the Government of Indonesia (GOI) and other partners, USAID also helps increase resilience to disasters and contributes to improved forest and marine management.

  • USAID protects key marine ecosystem by strengthening the management of over one million hectares of Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in Maluku and West Papua. Our work with local communities and GOI has successfully designated West Papua’s Dampier Strait as a legally-protected Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries (TURF) to help ensure a sustainable food supply for local communities. At 211,000 hectares, the Dampier Strait network is the largest comprehensive TURF-Reserve network in the world.
  • USAID supported the GOI and local communities to improve management of tropical forest resources on 3.1 million hectares, including key habitat for critically endangered orangutan and tiger. To ensure sustainable conservation, USAID stimulated 12 public-private partnerships and $4.8 million in funding for economically productive enterprises that also enhance biodiversity.
  • $1.5 billion in public and private investment mobilized from USAID-supported renewable energy projects will soon generate enough energy to electrify at least 600,000 Indonesian households. This includes $150 million for Indonesia's first wind farm, developed by U.S. company UPC Renewables.  



FISHERIES AND MARINE BIODIVERSITY  Indonesia is the second largest producer of fish and fish products worldwide, and the U.S. remains one of its top destination markets. Unsustainable fishing practices, however, pose a growing threat to food security, local livelihoods and the continued productivity of Indonesia’s fishing industry. USAID supports the GOI in strengthening the technical and operational capacity of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, local authorities, the private sector, universities, and communities to improve fisheries management and marine biodiversity conservation. These partnerships help ensure that current and future generations can benefit from Indonesia’s rich marine resources.

FOREST CONSERVATION  Over 30 million Indonesians depend on Indonesia’s expansive tropical forests for their livelihoods. USAID partners with GOI and civil society organizations to promote sustainable land-use in Papua, Central Kalimantan and Aceh provinces, which home to globally significant tropical peatlands and forest biodiversity. USAID collaborates closely with the GOI to achieve its targets on biodiversity conservation and low emissions development. USAID programs also contribute to improved management of lowland and peat forests, including efforts to make them economically productive and less vulnerable to forest fires.

DISASTER RESILIENCE  Millions of Indonesians are vulnerable to extreme weather events that can undermine livelihoods and economic growth. USAID works with the GOI to help vulnerable communities effectively plan for and recover from such events. USAID also supports GOI in ensuring that local government and civil society implement solutions in agriculture, water and natural resources management that mitigate the effects of a changing climate. Finally, USAID programs advance Indonesia’s efforts to prepare for, respond to and recover from natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions.


USAID works alongside the GOI to level the investment playing field in the energy sector, bring electricity access to all corners of Indonesia, and advance sustainable and economically productive livelihoods for local communities.

CLEAN ENERGY  With energy demand growing 7-10 percent annually, Indonesia is at a critical crossroads regarding its energy sector development. USAID works hand-in-hand with energy sector players to build strong systems capable of realizing Indonesia’s full energy potential. USAID supports the GOI to improve energy sector policy and coordination while advancing a regulatory framework that increases the ease of doing business. An improved regulatory framework will increase investment opportunities in the sector for U.S. and Indonesian businesses and support GOI’s goal for low-emissions development and electricity access for all.

ECONOMIC GROWTH  Indonesia’s abundant natural resources make it a top global producer of raw products such as rubber, coffee, chocolate and spices including vanilla, pepper, clove and nutmeg. USAID agro- and social forestry programs empower thousands of farmers, fishermen and related businesses to improve the production, harvesting and processing of raw products and connect to major global businesses, such as the U.S. company McCormick & Co. USAID’s work with local communities helps farmers pursue more profitable and sustainable livelihoods and strengthen conservation at the grassroots level.


USAID supports Indonesia’s efforts to increase access to safe water and proper sanitation, particularly for low-income and vulnerable people in urban areas. USAID activities improve governance within public and private water utilities and increase demand for and access to basic sanitation in urban communities. USAID also partners with local banks to provide microfinance loans to help low-income families pay for water installation fees, one of the major barriers to safe water access. These programs reduce the threat and incidence of waterborne illnesses like diarrhea, which kills over 100,000 Indonesian children every year.


Last updated: October 21, 2019

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