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Environment

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UPC Renewables Wind Farm
U.S. Company UPC Renewables Wind Farm in Sidrap, Indonesia, the first in the country.
UPC Renewables

Millions of people depend heavily on Indonesia’s rich natural resources for food, shelter, water, energy, and jobs. Under the U.S.-Indonesia Strategic Partnership, the United States through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) advances Indonesia’s self-reliance to balance sustainable use and protection of its natural resources. These partnerships support stability and prosperity for Indonesia, the Indo-Pacific region, and the United States.

USAID works closely with the Government of Indonesia (GOI) and other key partners on shared environmental priorities including addressing illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing and wildlife trafficking; promoting clean energy; improving water, hygiene, and sanitation; and conserving terrestrial and marine biodiversity. Further, USAID enhances Indonesia’s ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from natural disasters and humanitarian crises.

  • USAID leveraged over $82 million in private and public investment to bring clean water to nearly 530,000 urban Indonesians and access to safe sanitation to over 350,000 urban Indonesians, improving their health and productivity.
  • With USAID assistance, Indonesia secured investment from international organizations and businesses, including the Packard Foundation and Walton Family Foundation, to protect 3.6 million hectares of ocean (roughly the size of Utah) in eastern Indonesia, the heart of the world’s greatest marine biodiversity.
  • USAID helped three renewable energy projects get off the ground, mobilizing a combined $40.9 million in investments from the public and private sectors last year alone. Since 2015, USAID has mobilized approximately $1.58 billion in renewable energy investments, which will potentially provide access to clean energy for 5.5 million Indonesians. 

CURRENT PROGRAMS

ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY AND RESILIENCE

FISHERIES AND MARINE BIODIVERSITY  Indonesia is the second largest producer of fish and fish products worldwide, and the U.S. remains one of its top destination markets. Unsustainable fishing practices, however, pose a growing threat to food security, local livelihoods and the continued productivity of Indonesia’s fishing industry. USAID supports the GOI to strengthen the technical and operational capacity of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, local authorities, the private sector, universities, and communities to improve fisheries management and marine biodiversity conservation. These partnerships help ensure that current and future generations can benefit from Indonesia’s rich marine resources.

FOREST CONSERVATION & SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT  Over 30 million Indonesians depend on Indonesia’s expansive tropical forests for their livelihoods. USAID partners with the GOI and civil society organizations to promote sustainable land use in Papua, Central Kalimantan and Aceh provinces, home to carbon-rich peatlands and biodiverse tropical forests that provide habitat for orangutan, rhinos, elephants, and tigers. USAID collaborates closely with the GOI to achieve its biodiversity conservation and low emissions development targets. Our expertise, training, and funding improve Indonesia’s ability to effectively manage its forest resources to enhance sustainability and productivity.

DISASTER RESILIENCE  Millions of Indonesians are vulnerable to extreme weather events and natural disasters, including tsunamis, earthquakes, floods, and landslides, that harm the environment and the economy. USAID is committed to building Indonesia’s resilience in the face of these disasters by increasing our partners’ ability to manage crises. Further, to respond to the effects of a changing climate, USAID’s partnerships advance the self-reliance of local governments and civil society organizations to implement climate-smart solutions in agriculture, water, and natural resources management. Our investments support the GOI, local communities, and relevant private sector entities to manage risk, invest in resilience, and respond effectively to disasters.

CLEAN ENERGY AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY

CLEAN ENERGY  USAID works alongside the GOI to level the investment playing field in the energy sector. Our partnerships support Indonesia’s efforts toward its ambitious goals of electricity access for all by 2020 and comprised of an energy mix of 23 percent renewables energy by 2025. With its energy demand growing 7 percent annually, Indonesia must secure resources to achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth.USAID works hand-in-hand with energy sector players to build strong systems capable of realizing Indonesia’s full energy potential. While advancing a regulatory framework that increases the ease of doing business, USAID provides expertise to the GOI as it improves energy sector policy and coordination to balance energy security, equity, and sustainability.

ECONOMIC GROWTH  Indonesia is a top global producer of high-value crops like rubber, coffee, chocolate and spices, including vanilla. USAID’s agro- and social forestry programs empower thousands of farmers, fishers and related businesses to improve crop production, harvesting and processing while connecting to global markets and businesses, such as the U.S. company McCormick & Co. USAID’s work with local communities helps farmers pursue more profitable and sustainable livelihoods while strengthening self-reliance and conservation at the grassroots level.

WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE

USAID supports Indonesia’s efforts to increase access to clean water and safe sanitation for low-income and vulnerable urban communities. Our partnerships in this sector improve public and private water utilities’ capacity to deliver services and increase consumer demand for and access to basic sanitation. With local banks, USAID facilitates microfinance loans so that low-income families can pay necessary water installation fees, often a major barrier to safe water access. These programs reduce the threat and incidence of waterborne illnesses like diarrhea, which kills over 100,000 Indonesian children every year, and supports economic productivity by keeping families and communities healthier.

 

Last updated: May 14, 2020

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