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Democratic Resilience and Governance

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A man of indigenous Papuan descent queues for public health center services in Wamena District, Papua. USAID Indonesia improves access to better basic services for vulnerable groups, particularly in eastern Indonesia, where demand is high.
Luthfi Ashari, USAID/Indonesia

Over the past two decades, Indonesia has emerged as a regional leader whose democracy, prosperity and continued stability are of global importance. While this young democracy continues to make progress, government institutions still struggle to control endemic corruption, improve management of public services, protect citizen rights and address the drivers of violent extremism and radicalization. The United States and Indonesia, two of the largest democratic countries in the world, elevated their relationship to a Strategic Partnership in 2015 to advance strong and resilient democratic societies while promoting international peace, prosperity and security.    

On behalf of the American people, the U.S. Government through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) partners with the people and Government of Indonesia (GOI) to reduce poverty, strengthen democratic governance, fortify resilience against extremist influences, and help Indonesia progress beyond development assistance. USAID supports Indonesia’s efforts to advance an inclusive, just, and accountable democracy that protects all citizens’ rights, roots out corruption, engages with an active civil society and media, and strengthens a culture of pluralism and tolerance. Through South-South and Triangular Cooperation, USAID partners with the GOI to provide development assistance to other countries and enhance regional stability for Indonesia as well as its neighbors and trading partners.

  • With USAID assistance, GOI launched “LAPOR,” its first integrated national complaints handling system. LAPOR processes over 20,000 complaints monthly, a tenfold increase, and processing time has been cut in half. Through LAPOR, citizens now have greater access to a more responsive and accountable government.

  • With USAID support, GOI launched the Anti-Corruption Academy, an innovative e-learning platform allowing Indonesian youth to access knowledge and resources to be able to better participate in the fight against corruption.

  • Through advocacy and technical assistance efforts supported by USAID, the GOI doubled its legal aid budget in 2017 to help more vulnerable citizens access legal aid services to promote and protect their rights with greater ease.



As a founding member of the Open Government Partnership, Indonesia declared that openness is a necessity for a modern government and is the key to public service improvement and economic growth. Government that is effective, transparent and accountable to its citizens is a key GOI priority. USAID partners with a wide range of GOI accountability institutions to sustain and deepen reform efforts and produce more transparent and higher performing anti-corruption bodies responsive to citizens’ needs. USAID works to strengthen the capacity, performance and public outreach of Indonesian accountability institutions and improve public access to budget information. USAID also works with partners to enhance accountability in the health, education, and environment sectors by developing systems that reduce opportunities for corruption.  Further, USAID engages universities, civil society organizations (CSOs), and think tanks in devising anti-corruption strategies.


Indonesia continues to face challenges in ensuring the impartial and effective protection of rights and equal access to justice for its citizens. USAID supports the work of relevant GOI agencies and reputable CSOs, including legal aid organizations and university partners, to improve equal access to justice, strengthen the capacity of citizens to advocate for their rights, and advocate for the protection of human rights for target groups (religious and ethnic minorities, indigenous populations, women, children, the poor, marginalized individuals, and groups vulnerable to discrimination and violence) in prioritized provinces.


As Indonesia progresses further on its journey to self-reliance, demand for Indonesian development assistance abroad has grown, and along with it, the need for the GOI to respond effectively and strategically. USAID supports the GOI’s National Coordination Team (NCT) as it develops institutional frameworks for SSTC and establishes priority areas for cooperation. Based on SSTC guiding principles -- partnership, demand-driven assistance and co-investment -- USAID works with the NCT to support assistance delivery and triangular programming for disaster risk management, reduced gender-based violence, and improved governance in countries that are priorities for Indonesia, such as Timor Leste.


USAID works with local governments and civil society groups to improve their ability to protect vulnerable citizens, focusing activities in Eastern Indonesia, where gender-based violence (GBV) rates are proportionally higher. USAID helps its partners reduce GBV rates by reducing acceptance of GBV and gender inequality in target communities while supporting efforts for appropriate responses to GBV victims and perpetrators. Program activities focus on assisting government in service delivery to those affected by GBV and empowering women and men to become agents of social change by helping them change their attitudes, perceptions and behaviors related to GBV.


In recent years, Indonesia’s tradition of political, social and religious tolerance has come under threat from individuals and organizations promoting an exclusionary form of Indonesian identity. The underlying grievances fueling this threat have led to a spate of violent acts. Recognizing that development plays a critical role in addressing these grievances, USAID extends technical support to the key GOI institutions combating terrorism and building resilience against radicalism. USAID engages key government institutions, civil society and the education sector to mitigate the risk of recruitment into violent extremist organizations, strengthen the resilience of Indonesian migrant workers, and reintegrate reformed extremists into Indonesian society.


Last updated: October 21, 2019

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