Yemen

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Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
USAID partner photo

Key Developments

Al Houthi officials and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces have agreed to extend the two-month truce for an additional two months, the UN reports. The truce will continue under the same terms as the original agreement.

Amidst the start of Yemen's rainy season, rainfall and strong winds have damaged shelters in Marib and Ibb governorates, increasing humanitarian needs. Relief organizations have provided emergency assistance and pre-positioned supplies to prepare for the season.

As of early June, donors have pledged $40 million to mitigate a potential oil spill from the FSO SAFER, a vessel currently floating off the coast of Yemen unmaintained carrying 1.1 million barrels of crude oil.

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

 

 

 

 

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Last updated: June 16, 2022

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