Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by a USAID partner in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen. Photo by a USAID partner.

Key Developments

Approximately 21.6 million people—nearly two-thirds of Yemen's population—will likely require humanitarian assistance in 2023, according to the Humanitarian Needs Overview released in December.

Yemen is likely to face widespread Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity between February and May due to the expiration of the UN-brokered truce, increasing food prices, and reductions in humanitarian assistance, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) projects.

More than 57,000 recently displaced households received rapid food and hygiene assistance through the USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (USAID/BHA)-supported Rapid Response Mechanism in 2022.

Background

Between 2004 and early 2015, conflict between the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and between Al Qaeda-affiliated groups and RoYG forces in the south, forced people in northern Yemen to repeatedly flee their homes, resulting in the need for humanitarian aid. At the same time, fighting between RoYG forces and tribal and militant groups since 2011 limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, and humanitarian needs increased among impoverished populations. In late March 2015, a coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia began airstrikes on Al Houthi and allied forces to halt their southward expansion. The ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure, interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced the level of commercial imports to a fraction of the levels required to sustain the Yemeni population. The country relies on imports for 90 percent of its grain and other food sources. The escalated conflict, coupled with protracted political instability, the resulting economic crisis, rising fuel and food prices, and high unemployment, has left nearly 19 million people in need of humanitarian aid, and has put more than 17 million people at risk of starvation.

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