Venezuela

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The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.
The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.
AFP PHOTO / GEORGE CASTELLANOS

Key Developments

USAID is responding to a complex emergency stemming from an economic and political crisis in Venezuela, and its impact on people across the region, including in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

The United States has provided more than $1.4 billion in humanitarian assistance for vulnerable people in Venezuela and for Venezuelan migrants and their host communities across the region. The assistance is provided through NGOs and international organizations—including UN agencies—who in turn provide critical food; health; nutrition; protection; and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance for people in Venezuela; and Venezuelan migrants and refugees and host communities in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and other countries.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated humanitarian needs, and USAID partners have adjusted programs to prioritize life-saving assistance.  USAID partners in Venezuela are providing primary health services, improving access to basic medical supplies and medicines, training health care workers, and supporting malaria treatment and prenatal and pediatric consultations. USAID partners are also providing safe drinking water, hygiene kits, hygiene promotion activities, and repairs to handwashing stations, latrines, and incinerators at health centers to help prevent the spread of infection. Additionally, USAID partners are providing hot meals to vulnerable Venezuelans in community kitchens and schools, preventing and treating malnutrition, and implementing protection programs, including creating child-friendly spaces and conducting gender-based violence prevention awareness sessions.

Background

Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation, shortages of basic medicines, and limited food availability—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs.  The 2021 UN Humanitarian Response Plan identified food security, health, nutrition, and protection as urgent needs inside Venezuela.  Severe food and medicine shortages have led Venezuelans to flee to Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, and also to Argentina, Mexico, Panama, and Caribbean and Central American countries. The UN estimates that more than 5.6 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014, and the migration is straining the capacity of some host communities, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia. 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 16, 2021

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