Venezuela

The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.
The U.S. is providing humanitarian assistance for people fleeing crisis in Venezuela.
AFP PHOTO / GEORGE CASTELLANOS

Key Developments

USAID is responding to a complex emergency stemming from an economic and political crisis in Venezuela, and its impact on regional countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

The United States has provided more than $76 million since Fiscal Year 2018 to provide emergency humanitarian assistance in Venezuela. The assistance supports international and local non-governmental organizations and public international organizations—including UN agencies—to implement emergency food, health, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated humanitarian needs inside Venezuela, and USAID partners have adjusted programs to prioritize life-saving humanitarian assistance.  With USAID funding, partners are providing primary health services, improving access to basic medical supplies and medicines, training health care workers, and supporting malaria treatment and immunization efforts to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including diphtheria, measles, and rubella.  USAID partners are also implementing WASH interventions, including distributing hygiene kits, conducting hygiene promotion activities, providing safe drinking water, improving solid waste management, and repairing sanitation facilities at health centers.  Additionally, USAID is funding partners to provide hot meals to vulnerable Venezuelans in community kitchens and schools, prevent and treat malnutrition, and implement protection programs, including creating child-friendly spaces and conducting gender-based violence prevention awareness sessions.

Background

Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation, shortages of basic medicines, and limited food availability—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs.  The 2019 UN Humanitarian Response Plan identified health and water, sanitation, and hygiene as urgent needs inside Venezuela.  Severe food and medicine shortages have contributed to extensive outmigration and an influx of Venezuelans into other countries in the region, primarily to Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, as well as smaller populations to Argentina, Mexico, and several Caribbean and Central American countries. The UN estimates that nearly 5.1 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014, with displacement projected to reach 6.5 million by the end of 2020.

The population influx is straining the capacity of public services in some host communities, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia.  Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, and WASH support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

 

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Last updated: June 17, 2020

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