Somalia

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USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Key Developments

An estimated 7.7 million people across Somalia are likely to require humanitarian assistance in 2022 largely due to drought and continued insecurity.

Approximately 3.8 million people countrywide will likely require emergency food assistance to meet basic needs through early 2022, likely increasing to 4.6 million people by May.

Armed conflict and insecurity continue to drive humanitarian needs and generate internal displacement across Somalia.

USAID is also responding to the massive regional locust outbreak affecting Somalia and its neighbors. Learn more about our locust response.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. 

 

 

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Last updated: January 11, 2022

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