Somalia

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USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
USAID is providing life-saving humanitarian assistance for people affected by Somalia's severe food insecurity crisis.
TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Key Developments

Due to deteriorating drought conditions, more than 7.1 million people across Somalia are likely to experience Crisis—IPC 3—or worse food insecurity conditions between June and September, including populations in eight livelihood zones facing an increased risk of Famine—IPC 5—conditions.

Consumption of contaminated water, poor hygiene practices, and deteriorating nutrition conditions have driven an increase in suspected cholera and measles cases in 2022.

On June 13, the U.S. Government announced more than $55.1 million in additional funding to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to drought-affected populations in Somalia.

USAID is also responding to the massive regional locust outbreak affecting Somalia and its neighbors. Learn more about our locust response.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite modest improvements in recent years, malnutrition rates in Somalia remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in the country—particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency. Sustained life-saving assistance, coupled with interventions aimed at building resilience, is critical to help vulnerable households meet basic needs, reduce malnutrition, and protect livelihoods. 

 

 

 

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Last updated: June 17, 2022

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