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Nigerian Mother
A mother participates in USAID-funded program in northeastern Nigeria.
Chris Pratt/USAID

Key Developments

USAID is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including areas of Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 and in FY 2020 to date, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $436 million—including more than $400 million from USAID and approximately $36 million from the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration—to support the humanitarian response in Nigeria. The response in Nigeria is part of a larger response across the Lake Chad Basin region, for which the USG has provided approximately $574 million in FY 20192020 humanitarian funding. To date in FY 2020, USAID has provided nearly $85 million in funding to support humanitarian assistance activities in Nigeria.

The humanitarian operating environment in northeastern Nigeria remains precarious, with recent armed opposition group attacks resulting in the deaths of civilians, including aid workers.

The UN estimates that 7.9 million people will require humanitarian assistance across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states in 2020—an 11 percent increase from 7.1 million people in 2019.

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Continued Boko Haram- and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-West Africa-related insecurity has resulted in population displacement, disrupted livelihoods, food insecurity, and protection concerns in northeastern Nigeria—primarily Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states—since 2015. Insecurity continues to restrict access to basic services, and both displaced people and vulnerable host communities are in need of emergency food assistance, safe drinking water, relief commodities, as well as health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. The majority of internally displaced persons in northeastern Nigeria continue to reside in host communities and camps, straining local resources and exacerbating needs among displaced and host populations. On October 3, 2019, Chargé d’Affaires, a.i., Kathleen FitzGibbon redeclared a disaster for FY 2020 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Nigeria.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 16, 2020

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