Mozambique

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USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
Marco Longari/AFP

Key Developments

Crisis—IPC 3—acute food insecurity conditions persist in some coastal areas of Cabo Delgado Province, while conditions in storm-affected coastal areas of central Nampula Province will likely deteriorate to Crisis levels in June, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network. Moreover, populations across much of southern Mozambique—where below-average rainfall and dry spells have led to poor or failed harvests—are also likely to face Crisis conditions by June.

The Government of the Republic of Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management estimates that high winds, torrential rains, and flooding adversely affected more than 1 million people in Mozambique over the course of the October 2021-to-April 2022 rain and cyclone season.

Relief actors have expressed concern for unregistered displaced populations in northern Mozambique, estimating that as many as 1 million people may be displaced by the Cabo Delgado conflict.

2019 Cyclones

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall over Mozambique’s city of Beira on March 15, 2019, producing torrential rains and strong winds and severely affecting populations in Manica, Sofala, Tete, and Zambézia provinces. The cyclone and floods resulted in more than 600 deaths, according to the Government of the Republic of Mozambique (GRM). U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to flooding on March 15 and a second disaster on March 19 due to the impact of Tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique.

On April 25, 2019 Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall over Mozambique’s Quissanga District, Cabo Delgado Province, with winds estimated at 140 miles per hour. The cyclone caused at least 45 deaths and approximately 94 injuries, according to the GRM. On April 26, U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to the effects of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in Mozambique. USG assistance in Mozambique supports partner organizations to implement critical agriculture and food security, health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.

Additionally, USAID responded to the effects of Cyclone Idai in Malawi and Zimbabwe, as well as Cyclone Kenneth in Comoros. Please visit our webpage for additional information.   

USAID is also responding to disasters in neighboring Southern Africa countries.  

Background

Mozambique experiences recurrent droughts, floods, and tropical storms. USAID responds to the humanitarian needs of populations affected by disasters, while continuing to support disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that build the capacity of communities to respond to future shocks. Examples of USAID DRR activities include promoting conservation agricultural practices and establishing disaster management committees.

 

 

 

 

 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 19, 2022

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