Mozambique

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USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
Marco Longari/AFP

Key Developments

Persistent droughts, erratic rainfall, and other shocks have exacerbated food insecurity across the Southern Africa region—including in Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe — extending the agricultural lean season, which typically lasts through March in much of the region, and increasing humanitarian needs. 

Approximately 13.7 million people across Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe are projected to experience Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity by March 2021, according to recent Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analyses. Additionally, recently reimposed movement restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus disease are expected to limit livelihood opportunities for vulnerable households across Southern Africa, exacerbating food insecurity and other humanitarian needs.

Conflict in northern Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado Province and resultant displacement, persistent drought in south-central Mozambique, and the economic consequences of COVID-19 lockdown measures in cities have contributed to heightened food insecurity countrywide. As a result of continuing shocks, the number of people projected to experience acute food insecurity in Mozambique is expected to increase to approximately 2.9 million people at the peak of the January-to-March lean season, according to the latest IPC analysis. Flooding and displacement caused by Tropical Cyclone Eloise in January has resulted in additional food insecurity among vulnerable households in storm-affected areas. 

2019 Cyclones

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall over Mozambique’s city of Beira on March 15, 2019, producing torrential rains and strong winds and severely affecting populations in Manica, Sofala, Tete, and Zambézia provinces. The cyclone and floods resulted in more than 600 deaths, according to the Government of the Republic of Mozambique (GRM). U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to flooding on March 15 and a second disaster on March 19 due to the impact of Tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique.

On April 25, 2019 Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall over Mozambique’s Quissanga District, Cabo Delgado Province, with winds estimated at 140 miles per hour. The cyclone caused at least 45 deaths and approximately 94 injuries, according to the GRM. On April 26, U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to the effects of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in Mozambique. USG assistance in Mozambique supports partner organizations to implement critical agriculture and food security, health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.

Additionally, USAID responded to the effects of Cyclone Idai in Malawi and Zimbabwe, as well as Cyclone Kenneth in Comoros. Please visit our webpage for additional information.   

USAID is also responding to disasters in neighboring Southern Africa countries.  

Background

Mozambique experiences recurrent droughts, floods, and tropical storms. USAID responds to the humanitarian needs of populations affected by disasters, while continuing to support disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that build the capacity of communities to respond to future shocks. Examples of USAID DRR activities include promoting conservation agricultural practices and establishing disaster management committees.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 17, 2021

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