Mozambique

USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
USAID is providing humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected communities in Mozambique.
Marco Longari/AFP

Key Developments

Since late 2019, an escalation in armed group attacks in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado Province has resulted in civilian deaths, population displacement, and disrupted access to basic services, exacerbating the humanitarian needs of hundreds of thousands of people. Humanitarian actors estimate that more than 115,000 people were displaced and that the violence has impacted nine of the province’s 16 districts as of late February. Ongoing insecurity and infrastructure damage due to heavy rainfall since December 2019 has restricted humanitarian access in Cabo Delgado, preventing more than 500,000 people—from accessing humanitarian aid, the UN reports. Urgent needs among affected populations include emergency relief commodities as well as emergency food, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) support.

On March 13, U.S. Ambassador to Mozambique Dennis W. Hearne declared a disaster due to the complex emergency in Cabo Delgado. In response, USAID is providing $100,000 through USAID/Mozambique to relief agencies to provide shelter and WASH assistance to conflict-affected populations. USAID staff based in Maputo, Mozambique; Pretoria, South Africa; and Washington, D.C., continue to track the situation in coordination with the U.S. Embassy in Maputo.

2019 Cyclones

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall over Mozambique’s city of Beira on March 15, 2019, producing torrential rains and strong winds and severely affecting populations in Manica, Sofala, Tete, and Zambézia provinces. The cyclone and floods resulted in more than 600 deaths, according to the Government of the Republic of Mozambique (GRM). U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to flooding on March 15 and a second disaster on March 19 due to the impact of Tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique.

On April 25, 2019 Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall over Mozambique’s Quissanga District, Cabo Delgado Province, with winds estimated at 140 miles per hour. The cyclone caused at least 45 deaths and approximately 94 injuries, according to the GRM. On April 26, U.S. Ambassador Hearne declared a disaster due to the effects of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in Mozambique. USG assistance in Mozambique supports partner organizations to implement critical agriculture and food security, health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.

The Additionally, USAID responded to the effects of Cyclone Idai in Malawi and Zimbabwe, as well as Cyclone Kenneth in Comoros. Please visit our webpage for additional information.   

USAID is also responding to disasters in neighboring Southern Africa countries.  

Background

Mozambique experiences recurrent droughts, floods, and tropical storms. USAID responds to the humanitarian needs of populations affected by disasters, while continuing to support disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that build the capacity of communities to respond to future shocks. Examples of USAID DRR activities include promoting conservation agricultural practices and establishing disaster management committees.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 16, 2020

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