Haiti

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Haiti-Earthquake
USAID deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team, including search-and-rescue experts, immediately after the earthquake hit to lead the U.S. Government efforts in support of the Government of Haiti.
Photo credit: Emily Rasinski, USAID

Key Developments

Relief actors reach nearly 458,000 people with humanitarian assistance since the August 14 earthquake, representing more than 92 percent of the 500,000 individuals targeted through the United Nations Flash Appeal.

Fuel availability increases countrywide after organized criminal groups lift their blockade of Varreux terminal in mid-November, allowing relief actors to largely resume activities.

USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance partner World Food Program conducts barge and convoy operations transporting critical relief commodities to southwestern Haiti.

Background

Haiti’s endemic poverty and civil unrest—combined with recurring shocks from natural disasters, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes—have resulted in food insecurity and other humanitarian needs throughout the country.  Since the January 2010 earthquake and October 2010 cholera outbreak, USAID has focused both on providing immediate response to affected populations and on supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that promote local and national self-sufficiency in disaster preparedness, response, and management. Since 2010, USAID has provided approximately $186 million to support stand-alone DRR programs throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, including nearly $32.2 million in funding to support DRR efforts in Haiti. In addition to stand-alone DRR programs, USAID contributed nearly $133 million to support programs integrating preparedness and mitigation activities into early recovery and transition programs in response to the January 2010 earthquake and subsequent cholera outbreak in Haiti.

Since 2011, USAID has supported the International Organization for Migration to pre-position emergency relief supplies in the event of disasters, as well as to develop Government of Haiti personnel capacity to manage facilities and deploy supplies when necessary. Pre-positioning relief commodities—including plastic sheeting, hygiene kits, and water containers—ensured that relief supplies were available for distribution to affected populations immediately following Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, and Hurricane Irma in September 2017.

In recent years, USAID has deployed Disaster Assistance Response Teams to Haiti following Hurricane Matthew and Hurricane Irma to conduct disaster assessments and coordinate response activities with the Government of Haiti and humanitarian organizations.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 11, 2022

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