Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Mount Nyiragongo volcano
USAID is responding to the Mount Nyiragongo volcanic eruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Moses Sawasawa / AFP

Key Developments

Clashes between the Armed Forces of the DRC and suspected ex-M23 elements in North Kivu Province's Rutshuru Territory prompted an estimated 19,000 Congolese refugees to seek shelter in Uganda between January and May.

Armed group attacks on sites for internally displaced persons in Ituri Province's Djugu Territory led to heightened population displacement and the deaths of at least 46 displaced individuals between March and May.

A humanitarian NGO recorded nearly 1,500 security incidents across eastern DRC and the new displacement of nearly 30,000 people countrywide during February.


The Mount Nyiragongo volcanic eruption compounds existing vulnerabilities residents face in eastern DRC due to ongoing armed conflict.  Despite the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the GoDRC and various armed entities—such as the Allied Democratic Forces, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, and Mai-Mai militants—has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.  Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in the DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.  Insecurity and displacement have also contributed to infectious disease outbreaks throughout the country, including cholera, Ebola virus disease (EVD), malaria, and measles. 

May 25 marks the third time the U.S. Government declared a disaster in the DRC in Fiscal Year 2021.  U.S. Ambassador to the DRC Michael A. Hammer previously re-issued a disaster declaration on October 16, 2020, due to the humanitarian impact of the EVD outbreak in western DRC’s Équateur Province, as well as on November 3, due to the ongoing complex emergency nationwide.






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Last updated: May 16, 2022

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