HIV and Family Planning

USAID's investments in HIV and family planning aim to ensure that all women, men, and youth living with HIV have access to sexual and reproductive health services that can significantly reduce unplanned pregnancies, maternal deaths, and new pediatric HIV infections.

More than 218 million women globally have an unmet need for family planning, meaning they want to delay or avoid pregnancy but are not using a modern method of contraception. Approximately one in four women of reproductive age in sub-Saharan Africa have an unmet need for family planning, and women living with HIV have even more limited access to contraception and reproductive health care than the general population. Many women, especially adolescent girls and young women, are simultaneously at risk for both unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. 

Ensuring all women, men, and youth living with HIV have access to sexual and reproductive health services can significantly reduce unplanned pregnancies, maternal deaths (including those related to HIV), and new pediatric infections. Family planning is vital to safe motherhood, healthy families, and prosperous communities. Providing integrated family planning and HIV services is also crucial for meeting the world’s Sustainable Development Goals, achieving the collective vision for family planning under the Family Planning 2030 (FP2030) Initiative, and realizing USAID’s global health goal of an AIDS-free generation. USAID works to increase access to family planning information and use of voluntary contraceptive services for all who want it. However, specific considerations must be addressed to ensure comprehensive care for people living with or affected by HIV.

Our Approach and Results

Under the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID’s Office of HIV/AIDS, and Office of Population and Reproductive Health strategically lead the technical and programmatic integration of HIV and family planning activities to advance our commitments to the achievement of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 95-95-95 goals and the global vision and goals of the FP2030 Initiative. The U.S. Government’s global health strategy to meet the contraceptive needs of people living with HIV is based on three key guiding principles:

  1. A focus on reproductive rights through voluntarism and informed choice.
  2. Quality service provision through evidence-based programming.
  3. Development of partnerships at the global, country, and local levels.

Integrated services can ensure that all people living with HIV have access to family planning services that support their fertility desires and choices. Supporting context-specific models of integration (as there is no “one size fits all” approach to family planning and HIV integration) is a key pillar of USAID’s approach to meeting the holistic needs of the clients we serve. PEPFAR funds cannot be used to procure contraceptive commodities except for male and female condoms. Therefore, it is critical that USAID Missions, in partnership with national governments, provide leadership and support to ensure that a wide range of contraceptive commodities are available in USAID-supported health sites, including HIV service delivery sites where family planning method provision is a part of the service delivery package.

USAID, in collaboration with PEPFAR partners, is actively engaged in analyzing and interpreting available data on key opportunities and issues such as the integration of prevention methods, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), with family planning services, hormonal contraception-antiretroviral therapy (ART) interactions, and access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services for adolescent girls and young women. USAID also supports the development of innovative multi-purpose contraceptive technologies to protect against unintended pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections.

USAID supports a woman’s right to use or not use family planning regardless of HIV status. Her decision should be free of any discrimination, stigma, coercion, duress, or deceit and informed by accurate, comprehensive information and services, including access to a wide range of contraceptive methods. In addition, the provision of health care, including ART, should never be conditioned on acceptance of a family planning method. Learn more about USAID's family planning guiding principles and U.S. legislative and policy requirements.

man holds baby and smiles next to his wife

USAID’s family planning and HIV integration efforts have led to achievements in the following areas:

  • Supported the provision of voluntary integrated family planning services in PEPFAR-supported sites across more than 30 countries.
  • Scaled up evidence-based integration models by supporting research studies, program implementation tools, and technical assistance to national programs.
  • Identified and supported opportunities for integrating the provision of contraceptives through multi-month dispensing and decentralized service delivery platforms for women living with HIV.
  • Implemented the delivery of PrEP in family planning settings to expand reach of this critical HIV prevention method to women, men, and youth.
  • Facilitated an enabling environment for family planning and HIV integration, including support for the creation of technical working groups to develop and disseminate national policies and implementation guidance. 
  • Identified critical system barriers and constraints to integrating family planning and HIV service delivery and designed programs to address them.
  • Provided technical support for family planning service delivery and commodity security in line with identified needs and worked collaboratively with other donors to meet those needs.
  • Ensured linkages between family planning and HIV prevention, care, and treatment programming, including those related to prevention of vertical transmission, care and treatment, key populations, condoms, PrEP, adolescent girls and young women through the DREAMS partnership, and gender and gender-based violence.


General Information:

Family Planning/HIV Programming Guidance:

U.S. Government Technical Briefs:

Monitoring and Evaluation: