Map of Ethiopia

Agriculture and Food Security

Image of Ethiopian women coffee growers
With help from USAID, more than 1,000 women are working in nurseries across southwestern Ethiopia to produce high-quality coffee seedlings.
Feed the Future Value Chain Activity

Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture, which accounts for 40 percent of the GDP, 80 percent of exports, and an estimated 75 percent of the country's workforce. However, just five percent of land is irrigated and crop yields from small farms are below regional averages. Market linkages are weak, and the use of improved seeds, fertilizers and pesticides remains limited. Despite these challenges, agriculture-led economic growth that is linked to improved livelihoods and nutrition can become a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity.

Through Feed the Future, we are helping Ethiopian households become more involved in income-generating activities in the agricultural sector. Agricultural investments improve the competitiveness of value chains such as maize, wheat, coffee, sesame, chickpea, honey, potato, livestock and poultry. These activities bring jobs and income opportunities for rural households. We also strengthen small- and medium-sized enterprises by providing access to credit and technical support.

Our Feed the Future Strategy in Ethiopia focuses on three core components: inclusive and sustainable agriculture-led economic growth, strengthening the resilience of people and institutions, improving nutrition, and fostering a regulatory environment and private sector conducive to economic growth.

Feed the Future Innovation Labs bring the talents of U.S. land grant universities to bear on difficult challenges: small-scale mechanization; post-harvest handling; agronomy; soil and water conservation; crop improvement for maize, maringa, duckweed, and chickpea; livestock breeding and health; household nutrition; and resilience.

We support the Government of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Growth Program, stimulating market-led agricultural growth and rural transformation to aid vulnerable parts of the country. In addition, we also work with the Government of Ethiopia to improve the enabling environment to support private sector growth and investment in agriculture.

The Government of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is one of the largest safety net programs in the world. The PSNP is a major component of Government of Ethiopia’s Food Security Program and plays a critical role in building the resilience capacity of chronically food insecure communities to drought and other shocks. PSNP’s objective is to prevent the depletion of household assets, to stimulate markets and improve access to services, and to rehabilitate and enhance the natural environment through labor-based public works. The program has a target caseload of more than 8 million beneficiaries in over 300 woredas throughout Ethiopia. We are the largest bilateral donor to PSNP. The design phase for the future generation of PSNP and Household Asset Building Program officially started in June 2013. USAID's Ethiopia mission, with nine other donor partners, is actively engaged in jointly shaping the vision for the next generation program together with the Government of Ethiopia.

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Last updated: October 19, 2020

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