Combating Climate Change with Clean Energy

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Photo of wind turbines on a mountain ridge at sunset
With more climate impacts on the horizon, Colombia has committed to diversifying its energy mix and making its power grid more resilient to climate change.
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With more climate impacts on the horizon, Colombia has committed to diversifying its energy mix and making its power grid more resilient to climate change.

For years, as much as 77 percent of Colombia’s electricity supply came from hydropower, but droughts intensified by the climate crisis made hydropower less reliable. Temperature increases and changes in precipitation patterns will likely lead to water shortages in Colombia. With more climate impacts on the horizon, Colombia needs to increase energy resilience while achieving low-carbon development. With USAID support, the Government of Colombia is making historic strides toward the goal of being carbon neutral by 2050.

Transitioning to a Net-Zero Economy by 2050

As one of nine Latin American countries working toward a target of 70 percent renewable energy use by 2030, Colombia aims to contribute 4 gigawatts of renewable energy to its total energy mix to support the 2030 regional goal. With its renewable energy targets and a growing share of wind and solar resources, Colombia is designing a future power system that is fundamentally different from that of today—one that uses new technologies, embraces new sectors, and creates new opportunities to enhance energy security, affordability, and reliability.

The Government of Colombia used auctions to increase Colombia’s energy resilience in the face of climate change and support low-emissions development. With support from USAID’s Scaling Up Renewable Energy program, the share of energy Colombia produces from solar and wind is expected to increase from less than one percent in 2019 to about 30 percent by 2030, reducing emissions by more than 9,096,118.36 tCO2e. That’s like removing nearly 2 million cars off the road for a year.

Resources and Blogs from USAID’s Climatelinks.org

Creating a Sustainable Energy Future for Providencia Island Following Hurricane Iota

A man looks at the destroyed houses and debris left by the passage of a hurricane

, CLIMATELINKS.ORG – Providencia previously relied entirely on fossil fuels. Hurricane Iota created an opportunity for the island to rebuild a more sustainable and resilient energy infrastructure that could better withstand climate change.

Renewable Energy Auctions Support Colombia Climate Targets

Photo of wind turbines and photovoltaic panels in green field against blue skies

, CLIMATELINKS.ORG – The Government of Colombia, with the help of USAID, held renewable energy auctions as a policy tool to reach climate targets.

Overview of Colombia Climate Projections and Impacts

A man cuts cocoa pods from a tree

CLIMATELINKS.ORG – Colombia’s greenhouse gas emissions were previously dominated by the energy sector, followed by agriculture, land-use change, and forestry, waste, and industrial processes.

For More Information

Inspection engineers standing on top of a wind turbine
USAID is helping Colombia diversify its energy mix with renewable energy while combating climate change, lowering electricity costs, creating local jobs, and promoting gender equality in the energy sector.
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2018–ONGOING, COLOMBIA – USAID is helping Colombia diversify its energy mix with renewable energy while combating climate change, lowering electricity costs, creating local jobs, and promoting gender equality in the energy sector.

USAID Colombia

USAID supports government and citizen efforts in Colombia to promote economic prosperity through the licit economy; improve the living conditions of victims of violence and vulnerable groups, including Afro-Colombians and indigenous peoples; promote respect for human rights and rule of law; and address climate change and environmental issues in one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world.

Mother holding her son in nature. Wind turbines in the background.
Through the Scaling Up Renewable Energy program, USAID helps partner countries power economies with renewable energy, meet international climate commitments, and open markets to private investment and competition.
© Viktor Pravdica / Adobe Stock

2017–ONGOING, GLOBAL – USAID’s Scaling Up Renewable Energy (SURE) program helps partner countries meet bold climate commitments by accelerating their transition to more affordable, reliable, and accessible energy that spurs growth, powers health systems, and reduces emissions.

Through SURE, USAID provides a variety of services to help policymakers, utilities, and regulators plan, procure, and integrate renewable energy, modernize energy sectors, and create policies that enable sustainable energy markets to flourish. As more countries aim to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 and reduce hazardous waste, SURE’s Innovation Fund supports clean energy technology, energy efficiency innovation, and a circular economy for renewable energy equipment.

Last updated: June 14, 2022

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