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Global Health

Over the last decade, Armenia has made substantial progress in improving the physical health and social well-being of its citizens. However, challenges remain in the areas of maternal and child health, reproductive health, and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Key indicators reveal that Armenia is not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals targets for maternal mortality rate (MMR), under-five mortality rate (U5MR) and the incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis (TB).

USAID is engaged in a strategic partnership with the Government of Armenia, civil society, and other stakeholders to address weaknesses and gaps in the health system that negatively impact maternal and child mortality and the burden of TB in the country. USAID targets both access to and quality of care. The Mission also supports the Government of Armenia to improve relevant legislation, financial audits, and public expenditure reviews to ensure efficient use of funds. In addition, USAID coordinates with other donors, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), to work with the State Health Agency and National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) on refining the provider payment system for TB services.

Over the course of its 2013-2017 strategy, USAID will gradually phase out assistance to the sector while preserving the legacies and improved outcomes of USAID’s twenty years of assistance. To this end, USAID will strive to create partnerships among governmental and non-governmental organizations to enhance sustainable approaches and increase host-country ownership.


Improving Infant and Young Child Health and Nutrition in Armenia – Through USAID support, UNICEF works with the Armenian Ministry of Health and World Vision to address mother and child health and nutrition needs in the country. The program will educate on best feeding practices and will support local health care clinics to deliver quality child health and nutrition services across the country.  ‡

‡Promoting Contraceptive Security in Armenia – Through increased availability and awareness raising, the project strengthens the use of modern methods of contraception addressing the supply and demand sides of family planning service provision. By building the capacity of the public sector to ensure contraceptive security (including availability, affordability and accessibility of contraceptives), the project will help strengthen the national contraceptive logistics management system, and thus increase availability of contraceptive commodities in health facilities. Concurrently, community-based public awareness activities (such as trainings, theaters, talk-shows) will help create public demand for modern means of family planning.  ‡‡‡  

Tuberculosis Prevention and Control Program supports the Ministry of Health of Armenia and the National Tuberculosis Program in implementing policies and guidelines based on evidence-based international standards of TB control; develop the early diagnosis and treatment of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Armenia; and improve the quality of TB services to prevent the spread of the disease.

‡‡Improving Tuberculosis, Maternal and Child Health, Family Planning and Reproductive Health Outcomes in Armenia – The project will help the Ministry of Health to improve quality and utilization of out-patient TB services in Armenia; improve access to quality MCH and FP/RH services to address underlying causes of maternal and child morbidity and mortality; improve transparency and accountability in the public service delivery system; and improve public health surveillance in priority areas. USAID will also help assess the nutritional status and hemoglobin levels of women and under-five children. The data will allow the Ministry to define a baseline and set targets for monitoring and evaluation of nutrition and anemia among women and children.  ‡‡‡  

Improving the Quality of Neonatal Services in Armenia  – The project will help improve the performance of health care providers in delivering quality services; promote family-centered neonatal care; establish a system of continuous quality improvement in targeted health facilities; and strengthen the capacity of selected professional associations in defining and advancing neonatal care standards. The project will focus on high-impact and evidence-based interventions to increase access to essential newborn care and address the leading causes of child mortality.

‡‡2015 Armenia Demographic and Health Survey (ADHS) – The ADHS is a nation-wide household survey, which analyzes demographic information on key health issues and challenges, and the country’s progress in addressing them. The study enables decision-makers to formulate evidence-based policies and plan for appropriate financial commitments. 

Last updated: April 08, 2016

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