Flag of Timor-Leste

Our Work

Language: English | Tetun

A small nation occupying half of an island in Maritime Southeast Asia, Timor-Leste is home to a young and culturally diverse population of about 1.2 million people. USAID’s strong history of partnership with Timor-Leste began even prior to the country’s independence in 2002. Since independence, USAID has supported Timor-Leste’s efforts to establish strong, democratic institutions and a viable economy.

Timor-Leste’s economic growth over the past decade has been fueled by its petroleum resources. However, nascent state institutions, limited human and organizational capacity, and poor infrastructure constrain broad-based economic growth. Roughly half of Timor-Leste’s people live in extreme poverty, due in large part to a lack of non-farm employment opportunities. Widespread poverty contributes to poor health and chronic malnutrition—both key drivers of stunted growth, where children have truncated height and weight for their age. Timor-Leste has one of the world’s worst rates of stunting for children less than 5 years of age—58 percent are stunted, and 33 percent are severely stunted. 

In support of accelerated economic development, USAID works closely with the government and people of Timor-Leste to improve agricultural productivity; encourage  private-sector competitiveness; tackle serious health challenges, particularly those affecting women and children; strengthen sub-national, democratic institutions and good governance practices , including anti-corruption systems; protect the environment; and help at-risk populations adapt to climate change.

Timor-Leste Country Profile [PDF]

Last updated: January 06, 2016

Share This Page