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USAID partners with Tanzanians to improve biodiversity conservation by building sustainable livelihoods and supporting natural resource management. The strategy involves developing and implementing key national environmental policies, and supporting community based conservation. USAID takes a sustainable landscape scale approach which targets critical ecosystems. Key objectives of assistance are sustaining critical wildlife habitats, reversing land degradation, restoring watersheds, and improving community livelihoods through conservation enterprises.


Tanzania is uniquely rich in wildlife and natural resources, with more than 28 percent of the country directly protected through national parks, game reserves, forest reserves, and other types of conservation. Protected areas, however, are not sufficient to accommodate wildlife migration patterns, which often run outside protected areas causing conflicts with the settled populations.

For more than a decade, USAID partnership with Tanzanians has built livelihoods and managed natural resources by developing and implementing national environmental policies and supporting community-based conservation. USAID’s sustainable landscape approach targets critical ecosystems to sustain wildlife habitats, reverse land degradation, restore watersheds and improve community livelihoods through conservation enterprises. Activities also target sustainable agriculture and agroforestry, trade and private sector initiatives.

As a result of natural resource management activities in Tanzania, more than 7 million hectares of biologically significant land are under improved management for conservation, sustainable agriculture, and other land uses based on general management plans over the past 10 years.

Last updated: October 13, 2016

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