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Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance

Tanzania democracy
Training for legal aid groups provides information on rights and legislation
Alicko Sengo


Governance is a priority that is integrated within all U.S. development assistance to Tanzania. Although it is one of the most politically stable and peaceful countries in Africa, institutionalized democracy and good governance in Tanzania are challenged by corruption and poor delivery of government services. With threshold funding from the Millennium Challenge Corporation, USAID’s mission in Tanzania supported Democracy and Governance programs that paved the way for a $698 million Compact signed in 2008. Today, USAID builds on these achievements by increasing the capacity of civil society to monitor accountability and transparency in local government by engaging citizens in local budgeting, planning and public expenditure tracking; and by supporting the government’s ability to supply better transparency and accountability. This will improve accountability and oversight of public resources through increased citizen participation.

Governance and Rule of Law

In support of the rule of law and human rights, USAID supports improved justice through grassroots legal aid clinics. These efforts focus on women and other vulnerable groups. Legal aid services improve justice for women who remain unprotected from violent partners, widows of partners with HIV/AIDS who are left without an inheritance or denied custody of children, offenders who are incarcerated without access to legal defense, and HIV-positive individuals suffering from discrimination. In 2012-13, USAID trained 265 legal aid providers and human rights defenders to provide free legal aid to 518 women and 226 men. USAID also built local capacity through a partnership with the Tanzania Network of Legal Aid Providers, an indigenous umbrella organization. The current plan is to reach more than a million persons with events in 340 villages.

Civil Society

USAID supports the government of Tanzania institutions to strengthen their oversight operations; increase their interaction with, and outreach to, citizens and civil society; and make their reports and sources of information more accessible to the public.

Sustainable democratic processes, greater domestic accountability among democratic institutions and people-centered policy making furthers a healthy civil society in Tanzania. USAID develops the capacity and sustainability of Tanzanian civil society organizations to enhance citizen demand for transparency and accountability in the allocation and use of public resources in the USAID focus regions of Morogoro, Dodoma, Iringa, Mtwara and Zanzibar. 

Last updated: April 12, 2016

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