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Libya Map OTI

Strengthening the conditions for a revived political transition that produces a sovereign, stable, and unified Libya.


Despite previous positive momentum, Libya is experiencing significant obstacles as it works to end nearly a decade of recurring, violent conflict. While the nationwide ceasefire has continued to hold, the indefinite postponement of national elections and current political deadlock between rival governments threaten Libya’s ongoing political transition and risk increased instability. Further, internal and external threats risk undermining progress in the political transition, including the continued presence of violent extremist groups and malign foreign actors. As Libyan parties continue to develop a path toward credible, inclusive national elections, the U.S. Government (USG) remains committed to helping Libya become a sovereign, stable, unified, and prosperous state.


​​​​​Since 2011, OTI’s Libya Transition Initiative has partnered with government institutions, civil society organizations, and grassroots change agents to implement targeted, timely, and locally-driven projects that address evolving national needs in support of USG foreign policy priorities. With a nationwide presence, OTI strengthens the conditions for a revived political transition, through activities that:

  • Address grievances that threaten stability in strategic areas; 

  • Increase opportunities for positive political participation; and

  • Reduce division and polarization.  


  • OTI provided heavy equipment to the city of Derna’s Sewage and Water Company—a local recovery actor with technical expertise that lost equipment during conflict—to improve and sustain  water and sewage services. The activity complemented a series of OTI efforts that responded to community priorities in eastern Libya, a region that has suffered from government neglect and poor public services, and increased local institutions’ ability to address citizen grievances and mitigate sources of instability. 

  • OTI convened a coalition of Libyan civil society organizations (CSOs) in southern Libya to mitigate threats of division, where the indefinite postponement of elections has compounded existing political vacuums and social tensions. Through workshops, this diverse civic network tackled issues such as mitigating conflict, countering hate speech, and peacebuilding to foster greater stability and prosperity in Libya’s marginalized South. Activity participants highlighted the importance of dialogues with minorities as a key avenue to reduce division and resolve conflict between rival tribes. 

  • OTI implements a series of activities to lay the groundwork for an effective demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) process, a key element for Libya’s long-term stability. By piloting approaches and identifying viable local partners, OTI aims to improve the USG’s understanding of the problem set for future programming. OTI recently partnered with local CSOs in a Misratan neighborhood known for high militia recruitment of civilians to survey community priorities and perceptions on the reintegration of former fighters. Findings will inform activity development to counter societal militarization and strengthen the capacity of civic actors to serve and respond to community-identified needs. 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 19, 2022

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