Iraq Map OTI


Increasing stability and social cohesion in Iraq.


Since the territorial defeat of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in 2017, Iraq continues to face layered crises that pose significant threats to its stability and U.S. interests, including: ongoing recovery needs in areas liberated from ISIS, the need to reintegrate internally displaced persons (IDPs), widespread anti-government sentiment, and lack of national unity. USAID/OTI helps communities affected by ISIS recover, while working toward a more pluralistic and cohesive country capable of addressing threats to Iraq’s security and regional stability.


The USAID/OTI Iraq program partners with civil society organizations, faith-based groups, and local government entities to increase stability through interventions in the Ninewa Plain, Mosul, Sinjar, western Anbar, and Dhi Qar. To achieve this goal, USAID/OTI works toward three mutually reinforcing objectives:

  • Increase perceptions of equity and inclusion in strategic, marginalized communities; 

  • Reduce polarization and division in Iraqi society; and

  • To mitigate discrete, emergent challenges that threaten overall stability.


  • USAID/OTI creates opportunities for civic engagement to increase positive cultural discourse among Iraqis. USAID/OTI restored Mutanabi Street, Baghdad’s main cultural street, by providing five bookshops, a cultural center, and a historic teahouse, with furniture, equipment, and minor rehabilitation. 

  • USAID/OTI works to promote economic recovery and bolster small businesses in communities devastated by ISIS. USAID/OTI restored food processing plants in Bashiqa, provided rental and renovation support to 26 businesses in Tal Kayf, and repaired irrigation systems in Al Qaim, allowing 250 farming families to expand agricultural activities and revive economic opportunities in the community. 

  • USAID/OTI ensures that students are able to return to school—a priority in liberated communities. USAID/OTI helped equip nearly 150 schools, procured more than 30,000 school kits, and provided backpacks and uniforms to approximately 20,000 primary school students in Mosul, Sinjar, and the Ninewa Plain.

  • USAID/OTI helped improve public safety and livelihoods by installing 8,245 street lights in 12 towns in the Ninewa Plain, Mosul, Sinjar, and western Anbar. As a result, businesses were able to stay open later and families—including women and children—felt safe enough to leave their homes at night.