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Iraq Map OTI

Increasing stability in Iraq by improving conditions that allow for durable returns in areas liberated from ISIS.


Iraq’s occupation by the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the military campaigns to eradicate it precipitated the worst displacement crisis in the country’s history. Since the territorial defeat of ISIS in 2017, Iraq has struggled to recover from the devastation wrought by the occupation and subsequent liberation. Physical destruction, psychological scars, and mass displacement across much of northern and western Iraq threaten stability and impede the durable returns of marginalized populations, who face acute challenges to recovery. USAID/OTI helps communities affected by ISIS recover, while working toward a more pluralistic and cohesive country capable of addressing the extremism and terrorism threats facing the United States.


The goal of the USAID/OTI Iraq program is to increase stability through strategic interventions in the Ninewa Plain, Mosul, Sinjar, and western Anbar. USAID/OTI partners with civil society organizations, faith-based groups, and local government entities to implement quick-impact activities that enable the durable return of communities displaced by ISIS. To achieve this goal, USAID/OTI works toward two main objectives:

  • To improve conditions in areas liberated from ISIS that allow for durable returns of internally displaced persons (IDPs); and
  • To mitigate discrete, emergent challenges that threaten overall stability.


  • USAID/OTI works to restore essential public services in communities liberated from ISIS to create the conditions needed for the durable return of IDPs. In Mosul, USAID/OTI delivered more than 34 miles of electric cables and rehabilitated 25 electrical substations, expanding electricity access to thousands of residents.

  • USAID/OTI ensures that students are able to return to school—a priority in liberated communities. USAID/OTI helped equip nearly 150 schools, procured more than 30,000 school kits, and provided backpacks and uniforms to approximately 20,000 primary school students in Mosul, Sinjar, and the Ninewa Plain.

  • USAID/OTI responded to the COVID-19 pandemic by working to improve public healthcare facilities and services, organizing COVID-19
    prevention awareness campaigns, and supporting socio-economic recovery and resilience among marginalized and vulnerable populations.

  • USAID/OTI helped improve public safety and livelihoods by installing more than 4,600 street lights in 12 towns in the Ninewa Plain, Sinjar, and western Anbar. As a result, businesses were able to stay open later and families—including women and children—felt safe enough to leave their homes at night.

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Last updated: July 09, 2021

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