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OTI Ethiopia Map

Providing pathways to a more democratic and stable Ethiopia and supporting peaceful and inclusive national consensus processes.

WHY USAID/OTI IS IN ETHIOPIA

One year after the signing of the historic Cessation of Hostilities Agreement that ended the war in the north, stability continues to be challenged in several parts of Ethiopia. The Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration process is lagging; the issue of the disputed territories remains unresolved; and many communities in the north are failing to recover from the devastating impacts of war. Two rounds of talks aimed at bringing peace to Oromia have failed to end the insurgency there. Active conflict has spread throughout the Amhara region as the government fights the Amharic militia group, Fano. Without an end to conflict and inter-communal tensions in these areas, efforts to forge national peace will fail to take root. In this evolving context, the U.S seeks to support pathways to a more democratic and stable Ethiopia.

USAID/OTI’S ROLE IN ETHIOPIA

In 2019, OTI launched its program in Ethiopia to support a peaceful and inclusive political transition. Presently, OTI’s focus is on the regional states of Oromia, Amhara, and Tigray where the goal is to advance the conditions necessary for peace processes to take root and succeed in local communities. OTI leverages its strong relationships with key actors and local partners to design and implement activities at the community level that:
● Improve community cohesion for early stabilization to take root; and
● Limit the impact of conflict where armed groups remain active.

PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS

  • OTI advances relationships between youth across ethnic divides in Amhara. In eastern Amhara, OTI is bringing together diverse groups of youth leaders for a series of trainings and community dialogue sessions to rebuild inter- and intra-communal social cohesion. This provides youth with opportunities for constructive engagement, which has been limited due to violent conflict in the region.
  • OTI strengthens community cohesion and advances early recovery efforts in conflict-affected communities in northern Ethiopia. In Tigray, OTI is empowering women to advocate for their rights and the rights of their communities through psychotherapy, training, and experience-sharing sessions. With this support, women are better equipped to meaningfully participate in peacebuilding processes.
  • OTI supports conflict-affected communities in Oromia to engage in trauma healing and reconciliation. OTI is training community leaders in southern Oromia in psychosocial support and reconciliation initiatives as well as in how to identify their communities’ needs and priorities. These trainings will strengthen community cohesion and counter the increase in violence in the area.