Colombia map

Supporting a sustainable and inclusive peace in Colombia


Colombia has experienced armed conflict with insurgency groups for over 50 years. Among the root causes are state weakness and structural inequities that have created a divided nation: a modern, urban Colombia, and an impoverished, neglected, rural Colombia, where most of the conflict takes place.

In the three years following the ratification of the peace accords with Colombia’s largest guerrilla insurgency group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the Government of Colombia (GOC) embarked on a peace implementation process, expected to last a generation. As the FARC demobilized and began to reintegrate into society, the GOC started enacting wide-ranging reforms related to rural development, inclusive political participation, transitional justice, and reducing illicit economies such as coca cultivation. Colombia is one of the oldest democracies in Latin America and USAID/OTI strives to help the GOC implement its peace accords with the FARC.


USAID/OTI’s program, Colombia Transforma, is part of the U.S. Government’s efforts to support a sustainable and inclusive peace in Colombia. The program contributes to making progress toward peace irreversible by catalyzing front-end elements of accord implementation, including:

  • Increasing government entities’ commitment of resources for peace accord implementation; and

  • Advancing bottom-up implementation of the peace accords in critical areas.


  • During the first year of the pandemic, USAID/OTI’s program implemented 57 COVID-19 response activities, with efforts ranging from supporting women's organizations to produce masks, enabling local schools to print learning materials for children without internet access, and implementing infection protection protocols for agricultural producers associations, among others.

  • USAID/OTI supports small-scale infrastructure activities from the municipal governments, community organizations, and the Agency for Territorial Renewal, to  build relationships with long-neglected communities, provide tangible evidence of state presence, foster collaboration between actors critical to creating peace, and provide a model for how the GOC can carry out rapid-response activities in the future.

  • USAID/OTI supports community capacity to generate peace dividends by promoting participation and leadership at the local level, increasing mayoral engagement in rural areas, and supporting practical exchanges between agricultural producers associations, which  empowers small-scale producers to take initiatives to strengthen businesses without needing central government resources.