Somalia Overview


USAID seeks to strengthen the foundations for a more stable, democratic and prosperous Somalia, while saving lives, alleviating human suffering, and reducing the economic impact of disasters.

Humanitarian Assistance

Office of Food for Peace (FFP)

Funding provided in FY 2018: $258.3 million

FFP provides emergency food and nutrition assistance through in-kind and market-based interventions to reduce acute food insecurity among the most vulnerable populations.

Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)

Funding provided in FY 2018: $112.6 million

OFDA supports humanitarian interventions to address acute emergency needs of vulnerable populations, including supporting early recovery and disaster risk reduction activities designed to protect and restore livelihood assets. OFDA provides assistance to humanitarian partners working in health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, agriculture, food security, protection, economic recovery and market systems.

Democracy, Stabilization and Governance

Transition Initiatives for Stabilization (TIS+)

Total Estimated Cost: $67 million

Start-End date: May 2015 – May 2021

TIS+ increases confidence in all levels of government through targeted, strategic interventions that improve service delivery and government responsiveness. Through TIS+ Somali government institutions, the private sector and civil society collaborate to design, evaluate and deliver projects with a quick and lasting impact on the lives of Somalis.

Customs Reform and Trade Enhancement Somalia (CRATES)

USAID contribution:  $5 million

Start-end date:  August 2018  July 2022

CRATES aims to increase customs revenue collected as a percentage of total domestic revenue and to improve the efficiency of international trade through private sector dialogue, improved customs policy and legal frameworks, and more effective and transparent customs administration.  USAID co-finances approximately 40% of this $14 million pooled donor fund, which is managed through a partnership with DFID.

Somalia Stabilization Initiative (SSI/Dalbile)

Estimated Ceiling: $80 million

Start-end date: February 2016 – May 2020

The Somalia Stabilization Initiative (SSI/Dalbile) minimizes the conditions that enable violent extremist groups to destabilize Somalia. It contributes to stabilization efforts by countering the influence and presence of extremist organizations, reducing their ability to take root and recruit, and creating opportunities for government and local communities to reestablish control over their country. Dalbile, translated as “Nation Rising,” is the local Somali name for the program.

Expanding Access to Justice (EAJ)

Total Estimated Cost: $25 million

Start-End date: August 2018 – August 2023

The new Expanding Access to Justice (EAJ) award aims to improve access to justice and mechanisms in Somalia by: enhancing quality and reach of legal aid services; increasing capacity and sustainability of legal aid organizations; and improving public access to legal information through research, analysis and policy interventions.  Focus will be on empowering women and vulnerable groups at the community level.  

Bringing Unity, Integrity, and Legitimacy to Democracy (BUILD)

Total Estimated Cost: $31.5 million

Start-End date: March 2016 – March 2021

BUILD supports electoral and political processes in Somalia and Somaliland by fostering increased citizen participation; building the capacity of election management bodies and other relevant government bodies to administer credible elections; and supporting the development of issue-based and viable political parties who promote inclusion and contribute to peaceful political processes.

Social Services

Alternative Basic Education for Pastoralists (ABE)

Total Estimated Cost: $10 million

Start-End date: September 2015 – September 2020

ABE is expanding the provision of education services by improving access to equitable, quality education for pastoralists and other marginalized children in Jubaland State of Somalia. Programs target children and youth disconnected from school for significant periods of time.

Girls’ Education Challenge Transition (GEC-T)

USAID Contribution: $5 million

Start-End date: September 2018 – April 2022

The GEC-T is implemented by DFID and focuses on improving access to quality education for Somali young women and girls.

Economic Growth

Growth, Enterprise, Employment and Livelihoods (GEEL)

Total Estimated Cost: $74 million

Start-End date:  September 2015 – September 2020

GEEL promotes inclusive economic growth through activities that address challenges and opportunities that are common among multiple sectors that affect key industries, particularly agriculture, fisheries, and renewable energy.  The program builds the capacity of internal investors, as well as the Somali diaspora eager to invest in business opportunities.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Somalia Program Support Services (SPSS)

Total Estimated Cost: $24 million

Start-End date: August 2014 – July 2019

SPSS provides monitoring and verification services; evaluations and assessments; and provides performance management and learning support for program effectiveness.

Somali Engineering and Architectural Support (SEAS)

Total Estimated Cost: $874,000

Start-End date: September 2014 – September 2019

SEAS reviews engineering designs, monitors construction, and verifies environmental compliance of USAID-funded rehabilitation and small-scale infrastructure activities.

Multi-Donor Trust Fund Contributions

World Bank Multi-Partner Fund (MPF)

Total Contribution: $3 million

Start-End date:  September 2016 – September 2019

The MPF contributes to 13 programs in economic and financial governance.

International Monetary Fund - Somalia Trust Fund (STF)

Total Contribution: $1 million

Start-End date: 2016 - 2020

The STF improves macro-economic institutions, policies and data systems, and supports the Central Bank of Somalia and the Ministry of Finance.

Joint Program on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG)

Total Estimated Cost: $1.5 million

Start-End date: July 2018 – June 2023

JPLG supports local governments to become more inclusive and representative by increasing their accountability, responsiveness, and capacity. JPLG also facilitates dialogue between different government levels to define the structure of state and local government systems.




Last updated: April 23, 2019