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Agriculture and Food Security

Nigeria agriculture
Improving the yields of crops like rice improves incomes and health

Agriculture has undoubtedly become the most important sub-sector in the Nigerian economy, next to petroleum. The agriculture sector employs about 70 percent of the workforce, while accounting for slightly more than 40 percent of gross domestic product. Because it multiplies results through its connection to other sub-sectors, the sector is a major driver of rural growth. USAID promotes broad-based economic growth and poverty reduction through efforts to improve agricultural productivity and jobs, especially in rural areas.  USAID’s programs strengthen the value chains of high-impact commodities—those that are in demand locally or regionally and have potential for generating income and jobs. USAID builds the business skills of smallholder farmers and associations and increases access to credit and electronic payment services. In support of the Government of Nigeria’s commitment to the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program, USAID also advances the development of evidence-based agricultural policies


It is a vital source of protein and Nigeria needs more of it. See how one USAID project is improving the country's food security by getting more and more people to grow fish.

Last updated: November 10, 2015

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