The most commonly accepted measure of extreme poverty is monetary – namely minimal daily individual consumption after adjustment for purchasing power. But we know that poverty is more complicated than that, and as is recognized in the Agency’s definition of extreme poverty, it often entails hunger and malnutrition as well.
Health care in Nepal has made huge gains in the past two decades, particularly among mothers and children. Since 1990, the infant (child up to 12 months old) mortality rate has fallen by nearly 58 percent, and mortality among children under five has dropped by almost 67 percent.
In an effort to help get children back to school as soon as possible, USAID is supporting the establishment of around 1,000 temporary learning centers. USAID is also distributing supplemental reading material and orienting teachers and school management on life-saving messages and psychological support to students.
For years, Dr. Pradeep Vaidya, Director of the Department of Information and Technology at the Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Nepal, has been a staunch supporter of disaster-preparedness. A graduate of the USAID-supported Program for the Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER), his planning and foresight helped ensure the hospital had a disaster plan in place, and was prepared to accommodate the large number of patients that needed care after the magnitude 7.8 earthquake on April 25, 2015.
In preparation for a potential earthquake disaster, USAID has worked over 20 years supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) efforts in Nepal. USAID’s support enabled partners to strengthen earthquake response capacity at the local and national levels in collaboration with the Government of Nepal (GoN), nongovernmental organizations, private companies, and local communities.
Last updated: September 29, 2015