USAID is helping Afghanistan become a more responsible and integrated member of the region and the world. Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing more Afghans back into economic and civic life.
Institutions that can accountably respond to people’s needs and aspirations are being restored. Investments in infrastructure and human capital are making the country less vulnerable to insurgents and illicit business and more attractive for private-sector enterprise.
Since 1992, the U.S. Government has delivered foreign aid to support Albania’s development, stability and integration into Europe. U.S. aid has helped Albania transition from the most isolated and repressive communist state in Europe to a democracy with a market-oriented economy.
Angola's low level of human development is at odds with its potential for economic prosperity, considering the country's wealth of natural resources. Much of this paradox is explained by the social disruption and physical destruction caused by 27 years of civil war. As sub-Saharan Africa's second largest oil producer and with its tremendous agricultural potential, the country could become a powerhouse for regional trade and investment. USAID focuses on strengthening good governance, increasing economic opportunity, and improving the delivery of social services.
Since 1992, USAID has provided a broad range of development programs in Armenia, shifting from an initial humanitarian emphasis to assistance for economic, political and social transition.
Asia represents more than half the world’s population and is the most dynamic and fastest-growing region in the world. Robust economic growth, rapid advances in technology and increasing interconnectivity make Asia an important market for U.S. exports and a key U.S. foreign policy priority. As a fundamental partner in U.S. security and trade priorities, the region has become a key driver of global politics and economics.
Political, economic, and health reforms mutually reinforce the strategic goals of the U.S. and Azerbaijan Governments.
USAID programs in democracy and governance target efforts to increase institutional transparency in the Parliament and enhance its capacity to address civil society concerns. The programs also seek to advance the rule of law and provide legal advice for citizens opposed to corruption.
Economic growth programs aim to improve the development of the non-oil sector, with an emphasis on helping the agriculture sector to increase export competitiveness.
With its democratic traditions and active participation in international peacekeeping operations, Bangladesh is a key U.S. strategic partner in South Asia. Yet, with nearly one in three people living in poverty, the country faces immense development challenges and today finds itself at an important crossroads in its democratic evolution. The United States is helping address the underlying factors that threaten Bangladesh’s role as a voice for progress and stability in the region and beyond.
The United States seeks to promote the emergence of a democratic and market-oriented Belarus that respects human rights. USAID works with a cross-section of the population to stimulate the country’s transition to a market-based economy through programs that support citizen engagement in decision-making, encourage growth and competitiveness of private business, and improve social and health services’ delivery.
Benin is a stable and peaceful country that has maintained more than two decades of democratic governance, with the 2011 presidential elections marking the fifth peaceful turnover of power since democracy was reestablished in the early 1990s. The country’s refurbished port, increased investments in infrastructure, and sustained economic growth rate of around 5.5% underscore Benin’s potential to move in the right direction. However the country continues to face many of the same challenges related to endemic poverty that affects countries in the region. Benin ranks 165 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index, and more than a third of the population lives in poverty with nearly half of all Beninese children under five years old being stunted due to malnutrition. Regional disparities also remain a challenge, as does worrying levels of corruption that impede the flow of services to citizens. USAID/Benin initiated its assistance programs in 1991 and has invested over half a billion dollars in the areas of health, education, economic growth, and democratic governance.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
USAID in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) contributes to U.S. Government objectives in the country by helping BiH progress toward a harmonized economy, effective and transparent government institutions with a strong civil society, and a multi-ethnic, tolerant society.
Brazil, the fifth largest country in the world and the largest in Latin America, has become a great economic power. The country has significantly reduced poverty and unemployment rates. It has diminished its dependence on external resources and is now a major partner in national and international development efforts. Nationally, Brazil continues to address rural poverty, income inequality, and social exclusion.
For more than 50 years, USAID has supported Brazil. Today, USAID works closely with the Brazilian government and civil society to build sustainable socio-economic development solutions.
USAID is building the resilience of vulnerable rural residents by:
Burma has embarked on what will be a long and challenging road of democratic and economic reform. Political reforms that started in 2011 have set in motion critical transitions in Burma: moving toward an inclusive, parliamentary democracy; negotiating ceasefires after decades-long civil wars; and shifting to a market-oriented economy. Although the process is not complete and there will be challenges, the United States remains committed to improving the welfare and well-being of the people of Burma.
More than a decade since the conclusion of ten years of civil war and five years of civil conflict, Burundi remains one of the least developed and most fragile countries in the world, with alarming levels of hunger and malnutrition that have been exacerbated by political crisis. USAID engages with international donors and local stakeholders to improve the health status and social conditions of the population, reduce the high rates of chronic malnutrition, mitigate the drivers of conflict, enhance democratic governance and human rights, and promote economic growth.
Cambodia is transforming in remarkable ways. The country is at peace after decades of conflict, and a majority of Cambodians are optimistic about the future. However, important challenges remain. Parliamentary elections in 2008 were freer than any held in Cambodia. Yet political power remains unevenly spread, and opposition parties are disorganized, divided and subject to manipulation.
Cameroon is rich in natural resources and is a transportation hub for goods going to Chad and Central African Republic. The republic is dominated by a strong central government and a longstanding president. Human rights problems persist despite some improvement. Economic success has not sufficiently raised the health levels of the population: life expectancy, under-5 mortality, and maternal mortality in Cameroon are worse than the regional average. The rate of HIV infection is 4.3 percent – among the highest in West and Central Africa region.
Central Africa Regional
The Congo Basin is the second largest tropical rainforest in the world. It holds spectacular and rare biodiversity and serves as a massive carbon sink for greenhouse gases. It is also the source of food, shelter and livelihoods for approximately 60 million people who live in the region.
Central Asia Regional
Stretching from China in the east to the Caspian Sea in the west, the countries of Central Asia have a population of more than 65 million and represent a wide diversity of ethnic groups, languages and clans. The physical landscape is dramatic, ranging from vast steppes to high, rugged mountains, formidable deserts to large rivers, lakes and seas.
Last updated: April 29, 2016