Due to meager educational infrastructure, only 40 percent of Mauritanian youth complete primary school and 60,000 students drop out of school each year. As Mauritania imports about 65 percent of its food, rising world food prices threaten economic and food security – particularly for the 42 percent of the population which lives below the poverty line. Furthermore, longstanding ethnic tensions and the presence of extremist groups pose ongoing security challenges, threatening the stability established since the 2009 democratic elections (following a 2008 military coup).
Los Estados Unidos y México tienen fuertes lazos sociales, culturales y económicos, preocupaciones compartidas en temas de seguridad, y una frontera que los une. México, como país de ingreso medio-alto y con un alto nivel de capacidad institucional, es un importante socio de los Estados Unidos en temas de desarrollo.
Middle East Regional
The Middle East and North African region faces many challenges, including burgeoning youth populations with limited opportunities for meaningful employment; transition; increasing conflict and violent extremism; and a growing scarcity of natural resources, particularly water, which increases tensions and constrains economic growth and education.
In support of Moldova’s democratic and free-market reforms, USAID projects work to strengthen economic growth and democratic governance.
Mongolia, a stable and emerging democracy in East Asia, is richly endowed with mineral resources, promising major economic and social benefits for its people. However, the country’s dependence on extractive industries and its underdeveloped manufacturing and services sectors have exposed it to sharp economic fluctuations and weakened its employment generation potential.
Morocco is one of America's oldest friends in the Middle East and North Africa and is recognized today as a major non-NATO ally. Since 1957, the U.S. Government and the Government of Morocco have worked together to make real and substantial improvements in the lives of Moroccan citizens.
Following a long civil war, Mozambique has made the transition to peace, stability and sustained economic growth, providing an essential link between landlocked neighbors and the global marketplace.
Its ties to South Africa’s industrial heartland underscore the fact that the country’s economic, political and social progress is vital to the interests of the region. However, the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, as well as high infant mortality, have resulted in the distressingly low life expectancy of just 50 years.
Landlocked between India and China, two rapidly changing countries, Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world and continues to cope with the effects of a decade-long insurgency that ended in 2006. Located in the Himalaya mountain range, the country is greatly impacted by global climate change and struggles with both water scarcity in some areas and increased flooding in others. Supporting progress toward a democratic, resilient and prosperous Nepal is a priority for U.S. development efforts.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. In 2013, the country’s economy grew at a rate of 5.4 percent, largely fueled by oil revenues. It is the fifth largest exporter of oil in the world. However, amidst the indicators of progress, Nigeria is still troubled by myriad socioeconomic problems. The greatest constraints to development are deeply entrenched poverty and unemployment. These conditions breed disaffection in youth, provide an entry point for Islamic extremism, entice corruption, and promote ineffective governance.
The Pacific Islands are on the front lines of a variety of worldwide challenges, in particular global climate change and natural disasters. With some areas in the Pacific Islands only 15 feet above sea level, these nations are among the most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, and they are some of the least able to respond. The United States has significant security and trans-border interests in the region, which is home to more than 8.5 million people, major fisheries, coral reefs and important tropical forests.
The primary focus of the U.S. civilian-assistance program is to develop a stable, secure and tolerant Pakistan with a vibrant economy.
Working with other U.S. agencies, as well as donors and international development partners, USAID has focused its program over the last year on five areas essential to Pakistan’s stability and long-term development and reflective of Pakistani priorities: energy, economic growth, stabilization, education and health.
In 2012, Panama joined Chile, South Korea, and Poland as countries that have successfully reached the point at which they can propel their own development without the need for significant U.S. assistance.
To address the priorities of the Government of Paraguay, our programs focus on reducing poverty, structuring an inclusive financial system, creating jobs, and strengthening family farms. The aim of the Millennium Challenge Corporation's Threshold Program, administered by USAID, is to support the government's efforts in the fight against corruption, and to strengthen the rule of law, customs, and the health and justice sectors. Other priorities are protecting the rights of people with disabilities, gender equality, and development of small agricultural producers.
The Philippines, Southeast Asia’s oldest democracy, is an important development, trade and security partner to the United States. In recent years, the Philippines has made substantial economic progress, although one-fifth of the population still lives in extreme poverty. Through the Partnership for Growth (PFG), a White House initiative implemented in only four countries worldwide, the United States and the Philippines collaborate to address the country’s most serious constraints to lasting equitable growth.
Last updated: February 14, 2016