The Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act (FGCA) of 1977 states that federal agencies must “encourage competition in the award of grants and cooperative agreements.” USAID complies with this statutory directive and its policies reinforce the fact that maximizing competition broadens the competitive base.
USAID uses several major types of instruments when funding assistance programs. Implementing Partners (IPs) need to understand the characteristics of each since the type of instrument selected can affect both award planning and management responsibilities.
When an issue arises under an assistance award, it is always preferable for USAID and the recipient to reach an agreement on a mutually agreeable solution. However, there may be occasions when a remedy may be necessary.
Understand the Federal Financial Report, or SF‐425, which is a cumulative report that captures the financial status of an agreement at a specific point in time.
The AOR serves as USAID’s technical expert for grants and cooperative agreements, functioning under a designation from the Agreement Officer (AO). While the AO is the government official vested with the authority to award assistance instruments and obligate funds therein, an AOR will be appointed to administratively manage a specific grant or cooperative agreement. The AOR is a USAID employee who possesses a high degree of knowledge of the technical and program area for which USAID provides support through the assistance instrument.
Last updated: March 30, 2017