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USAID’s Global Health Security Agenda is helping to build a health system in Guinea that is prepared to respond to public health threats.
USAID’s Global Health Security Agenda is helping to build a health system in Guinea that is prepared to respond to public health threats.
Ousmane Condé, USAID Guinea

 

USAID supports Guinea’s national health policy with an emphasis on community participation, accountability, and transparency in order to improve access, quality, and demand for health services.

Malaria Treatment, Prevention and Control

Malaria is the number one public health problem in Guinea, taking more lives than any other disease. National statistics show that among children under the age of five years, malaria accounts for 31 percent of consultations, 25 percent of hospitalizations, and 14 percent of hospital deaths in public facilities. USAID supports the treatment, prevention, and control of malaria through the U.S. Government’s President's Malaria Initiative (PMI), which works with national authorities to reduce malaria-related mortality by 50 percent in the 15 highest-burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

USAID’s malaria activities in Guinea reach 14 districts of the country and 5 communes of the capital city, Conakry. Working closely with the National Malaria Control Program, activities include vector monitoring and control, distribution of insecticide-treated nets, malaria prevention for pregnant women, case management, health system strengthening, and community outreach.

Health Services Delivery 

The Health Service Delivery activity (HSD) is USAID’s flagship mechanism supporting an essential integrated care package for family planning  and maternal, newborn, and child health services.  HSD operates in Boké, Conakry, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labé, and Mamou. In cooperation with Guinean health authorities, HSD works to ensure that high quality health care is available in communities, health facilities, and hospitals along with referrals for serious illnesses.

The Promoting the Quality of Medicines Plus (PQM+) Program

Like several African countries, Guinea is disproportionately affected by the burden of poor-quality medicines. Through this activity, USAID works to strengthen the pharmaceutical system to ensure access to safe and effective medicines and to build up the country’s quality assurance systems. PQM+ addresses the proliferation of poor-quality medical products in several countries. By sharing scientific expertise and providing technical support and leadership, PQM+ helps create resilient and robust local health systems.

HRH2030: Human Resources for Health in 2030 - Capacity Building for Malaria

Human Resources for Health 2030 supports countries in developing a fit-for-purpose health workforce. Through HRH 2030, USAID strengthens the institutional and managerial capacities of the National Malaria Control Program to improve performance on grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and the effectiveness of the Malaria Control Program by adopting changes in policies or guidelines, improving monitoring and evaluation systems, and reducing stock outs of essential medicines.

ENVISION

USAID provides assistance to the national Neglected Tropical Diseases program for the control and elimination of lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, roundworm, hookworm, and whipworm so that they are no longer a public health problem.

USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program - Procurement and Supply Management 

The USAID Global Health Supply Chain - Procurement and Supply Management program (GHSC-PSM) was launched in Guinea in February 2017. The goal of GHSC-PSM is to ensure uninterrupted supplies of health commodities through technical assistance in forecasting, procurement, distribution, and logistics management. In 2020, GHSC-PSM procured malaria rapid diagnostic tests, antimalarial drugs, family planning pills, and injectable drugs. 

Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA)

USAID’s support through the  Global Health Security Agenda is helping to build a health system that is prepared to respond to public health threats, including the COVID-19 pandemic and the Ebola outbreak in 2021. 

PREVENTING, DETECTING & RESPONDING

Emerging infectious disease threats have the potential to endanger lives and disrupt economies, travel, trade, and the food supply. Outbreaks do not respect national boundaries and can spread rapidly jeopardizing health, security, and prosperity. In 2014, the Government of the United States along with 28 partnering nations, three international organizations including the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) launched the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA). Through GHSA, USAID works collaboratively with the Ministries of Health, Livestock and Environment to improve the Government of Guinea’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to outbreaks. USAID provides assistance  in the form of laboratory renovation and equipment donation, training of laboratory technicians and the improvement of surveillance systems, workforce development, emergency management, zoonotic disease prevention, immunization system, biosafety, and biosecurity systems.

a- Emergency Pandemic Threats (EPT-2)

USAID supports efforts to combat emerging and or re-emerging high impact infectious diseases. Through the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, the project also addresses relations between livestock and livelihoods in terms of reducing negative impacts of infectious animal diseases and increasing human nutrition and household income. The rearing of livestock plays an important role in enabling smallholders to have resilient livelihoods and to avoid both food insecurity and poverty. Through sensitization, community animal health workers help farmers and herders’ community recognize symptoms for animals experiencing zoonotic diseases such as anthrax, foot and mouth disease, brucellosis and avian influenza or sheep and goat plague. The project also focuses on  antimicrobial resistance, disease surveillance, and laboratory system strengthening.

b- Infectious Disease Detection and Surveillance (IDDS)

IDDS aims to operationalize initiatives and strategies to reduce global health threats posed by infectious diseases, focusing on strengthening of disease detection networks and surveillance systems, including One Health networks to address zoonotic and emerging diseases with the following goals:

•Improve the detection of diseases of public health importance and identification of antimicrobial resistance in priority infectious diseases through an integrated diagnostic network system.

•Improve the quality of real-time surveillance systems for pathogens of greatest public health concern.

•Generate evidence-based guidance and innovative solutions to strengthen in-country diagnostic networks and surveillance systems.

c- Community Epidemics Pandemic Preparedness Program (CP3)

The program strengthens communities’ One Health preparedness and response for epidemics and pandemics and helps re-establish trust between government and citizens. Over 500  Guinean Red Cross volunteers have been trained on community based surveillance and are capable of sensitizing and alerting suspicious cases of diseases such as rabies, anthrax, polio and measles to animal health and human health services. 

d- Breakthrough Action

Breakthrough ACTION  has a global reach and  works in partnership with the Government of Guinea to encourage people to adopt healthy behaviors, from using modern contraceptive methods, sleeping under bed nets  to preventing the spread of zoonotic diseases. USAID supported the development and diffusion of health promotion messages focused on COVID-19 prevention including: the proper use of masks, coughing and sneezing etiquette, social distancing, handwashing, the adequate use of distributed hygiene kits and latrines, the importance of going to health centers, and the prevention of  measles, malaria and diarrheal diseases.

 

Last updated: November 08, 2021

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