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Trade and Investment

Technical school students study renewable energy in Hurghada
USAID collaborates with the Ministry of Education and Technical Education to improve technical secondary education to meet the needs of the job market - including a new specialty in renewable energy in Hurghada.
USAID/Julie Fossler


USAID is supporting recent economic reforms -- undertaken by the Government of Egypt in conjunction with its $12 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund -- to spur trade and investment.  Through activities related to macroeconomic stabilization, trade, enterprise, workforce development, and youth development, USAID is working in partnership with the Government of Egypt to create an environment in which businesses can grow and become more competitive.  

A key priority for USAID is increasing micro, small, and medium sized enterprise (MSME) growth to generate employment and promote trade and investment.  With an unemployment rate of 11.9 percent and with over 800,000 job seekers entering the Egyptian labor market annually, businesses have not kept pace with the number of jobs needed.  Many Egyptians seek employment with MSMEs, which constitute more than 95 percent of private enterprises and generate over 80 percent of private sector employment in Egypt.  USAID promotes inclusiveness and sustainability for MSMEs by focusing on small businesses that specifically provide jobs for youth and women in economically-disadvantaged areas.


MACRO-ECONOMIC STABILIZATION AND REFORM: At the request of the Government of Egypt, USAID is responding to Egypt’s economic reforms through strengthening public financial management and public investment planning. In partnership with the Ministry of Finance, USAID is providing training and capacity building to improve fiscal management, budgeting, and expenditure control, as well as to promote greater budget efficiency, transparency, and accountability. In partnership with the Ministry of Planning, USAID works to improve public investment planning, management, implementation, and monitoring to enhance the productivity of public capital assets and the efficiency and effectiveness of public services.  Implementing Partner: DAI; Life of Project: April 2, 2018 – April 1, 2021; Total Estimated Cost: $22.66 million; Governorates: Nationwide

WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT AND SKILLS ENHANCEMENT: USAID is collaborating with the Ministry of Education and Technical Education to improve technical secondary education to meet the needs of the job market, benefiting vocational school students and teachers as well as the private sector. The Workforce Improvement and Skills Enhancement activity establishes partnerships between businesses and technical schools in order to understand skills needed for employment and to link students with jobs. USAID partners with the Ministry of Industry and Trade to improve the performance of the private sector through in-house training and improved human resource strategies that reduce staff turnover. USAID’s workforce activity also seeks to build the capacity of business associations to advocate for reforms related to labor market efficiency.  Implementing Partner: Management Training Corporation; Life of Activity: November 2015 – October 2020; Total Estimated Cost: $24.6 million; Governorates: Alexandria, Aswan, Beni Suef, Damietta, Fayoum, Gharbia, Ismailia, Menoufia, Port Said, Red Sea, and Sharqia

STRENGTHENING ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT: USAID supports the development of entrepreneurship among youth and promotes the growth and competitiveness of micro, small, and medium sized enterprises (MSMEs) by improving access to high-quality public and private services.  The activity focuses on select value chains, including ready-made garments, plastics, automotive accessories, dairy products, and fisheries.  An emphasis is placed on MSMEs that are woman-owned or have the potential to hire significant numbers of women and youth.  Implementing Partner: AECOM; Life of Activity: November 2015 – April 2020; Total Estimated Cost: $22.9 million; Governorates: Alexandria, Assiut, Cairo, Dakahlia, Gharbia, Giza, Menoufia, Minya, Port Said, Qalyoubia, Qena, and Sohag

EGYPTIAN-AMERICAN ENTERPRISE FUND: The Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund (EAEF) is a U.S. Government-funded private entity aimed at promoting financial inclusion and job creation.  It also seeks to increase foreign and domestic investment in Egypt, with a broader target of long-term sustainable economic development.  The EAEF has a dual mission.  First, it aims to stimulate growth in the Egyptian private sector by providing small- and medium-sized enterprises access to investment capital and loans, modern technologies, and best business practices, and increasing their financial profitability.  Second, the EAEF targets investments that achieve long-term sustainable economic development.  The fund has made several investments including in a business accelerator, financial inclusion companies, and a healthcare provider, among others. Implementing Partner: Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund; Life of Activity: March 2013 to December 2026; Total Estimated Cost: Up to $300 million; Governorates: Nationwide

ENHANCING THE U.S.-EGYPT COMMERCIAL TRADE AND INVESTMENT RELATIONSHIP: In response to a request from the Government of Egypt in the context of talks during the U.S.-Egypt Trade and Investment Framework Agreement, USAID is supporting legal and trade-related technical assistance to the Government of Egypt for the purpose of promoting private sector investment.  Through the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Commercial Law Development Program, USAID will help foster a conducive environment that increases opportunities for Egyptian businesses.  Implementing Partner: U.S. Department of Commerce’s Commercial Law Development Program; Life of Activity: September 2018 – September 2020; Total Estimated Cost: $975,000; Governorates: Nationwide

Last updated: May 12, 2020

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