The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) works as part of the U.S. Government to advance development priorities of mutual concern to Indonesia and the United States. This Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS) outlines our engagement with Indonesia over the next five years in the context of its democratic consolidation, growing economy, rising global leadership and remaining development challenges. With a population of 240 million and gross domestic product (GDP) of $1 trillion, Indonesia is a major economic partner for the U.S. Yet, it is still home to 40 million people living below the international poverty line of $1.25 a day (the sixth highest figure of extreme poverty in the world). It is also the world’s largest Muslim-majority democracy, the world’s third largest carbon emitter and steward of the world’s second greatest biodiversity. Indonesia’s success matters greatly to the United States. The engagement in this CDCS supports the U.S.-Indonesia Comprehensive Partnership, signed by Presidents Obama and Yudhoyono in 2010, to broaden, deepen, and elevate bilateral relations between our two countries.