Through the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID works alongside the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Defense, and Peace Corps to reduce new HIV/AIDS infections and provide treatment to people living with HIV. USAID specifically focuses on ensuring access to prevention, care, and treatment services for key populations; care and support for orphans and vulnerable children; and strengthening health systems by improving supply chain systems, community-led monitoring of health services, and sustainable health financing.

Cameroon is a focus country under the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI). USAID interventions center around strengthening health facility service delivery, implementation of seasonal malaria chemoprophylaxis campaigns, routine mosquito net distribution, support for training, strengthening pharmaceutical management, supply chain and procurement of Insecticide Treated Nets, Rapid Diagnostic Tests, antimalarials, and treatments. 

Cameroon is also a U.S. Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) Intensive Support country and has received funding to build its capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats across animal and human health, including responding to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Finally, USAID implements limited activities to increase access to and use of quality family planning services, improve maternal health, reduce infant mortality, and supports the Cameroonian government to control and eliminate neglected tropical diseases.