Democracy and Governance Objective: Strengthened accountability of government to citizens

Building Accountable Institutions

USAID helps BiH build more functional and accountable institutions that meet citizens’ needs. A main focus is rule of law, where USAID helps prosecutors and judges tackle corruption and strengthens the organizational capacity of the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council. USAID also assists BiH parliamentary bodies and political parties to develop, draft, advocate, and implement legislation that is more responsive and accountable to their constituents. USAID also engages in the media sector, supporting local outlets to generate high-quality content, transition effectively to electronic media platforms, and secure legal protection for journalists.

Encouraging Civic Activism

USAID strengthens the role and capacity of civil society organizations to increase citizen participation in political and social decision-making. This includes increasing public pressure to implement anti-corruption reforms required for Euro-Atlantic integration and supporting activities of local organizations that advocate for the rights and dignity of under-represented groups and minorities.


Conflicting historical and political narratives concerning the 1992-1995 war continue to define the perceptions and attitudes of people at every age and level of society in BiH. To build trust across communities and at the national level, USAID’s reconciliation programs engage citizens from all walks of life—political, government, religious, and education officials, as well as youth, women, war victim associations, and civil society groups—and provide opportunities for these BiH leaders and citizens to challenge their own beliefs and then start transforming their communities.