Food Assistance Fact Sheet - South Sudan

October 22, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of South Sudan
CIA World Factbook
  • South Sudan officially declared its independence on July 9, 2011 to become the United Nations 193rd member country. The country continues to face major social and political challenges. Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 1.5 million are likely to be in need of food assistance through December 2014.  

  • On December 15, 2013, clashes erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the government. Conflict has spread across the country, and as of October 22, has displaced more than 1.9 million people, including approximately 468,000 who have fled to neighboring countries. More than 1.4 million people are internally displaced, including approximately 100,000 people seeking refuge at UN peacekeeping compounds.

  • While food security will likely improve through December, the situation is much worse than a typical year at harvest time. Food insecurity is projected to further deteriorate in 2015, when approximately half of the population in the three most conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile will be in need of emergency food assistance.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest supporter of the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) in South Sudan as it targets 2.9 million people with food assistance, including nearly 1.7 million through the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) and 1.2 million through its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO). 

  • In FY14, FFP provided more than $322 million for WFP’s emergency and relief operations, including $180 million as a result of using a seldom-tapped reserve under the Secretary of Agriculture, the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust. FFP also supported the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) with $5 million to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five, and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) with $11.6 million for food distributions and early recovery food production activities in Jonglei State. Access continues to be a major challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current needs due to the worsening crisis, while also planning ahead for the upcoming dry season. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $339.6 million 117,723 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $166.1 million 95,274 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $205.5 million 110,499 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $54.6 million 31,160 MT
Fiscal Year 2010++ $308.2 million 322,130 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $144.0 million 48,300 MT
Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)+ $180.0 million 64,960 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $15.6 million 4,463 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, UNHCR, and OFDA as of October 2014
+Includes funding contributed by USDA's Commodity Credit Corporation with total metric tonnage to be determined
++Fiscal Year 2010 represents funding and metric tonnage from Sudan and South Sudan


Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: October 23, 2014

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