Food Assistance Fact Sheet - South Sudan

August 12, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of South Sudan
CIA World Factbook
  • South Sudan officially declared its independence on July 9, 2011 to become the United Nations 193rd member country.  The country continues to face major social and political challenges.  Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 7.3 million are food insecure and nearly 4 million are in need of food assistance. 

  • On December 15, 2013, clashes erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the government.  Conflict has spread throughout the country, and as of August 8, has displaced nearly 1.6 million people, including approximately 440,700 who have fled to neighboring countries.  Approximately 1.1 million people are internally displaced, including 95,500 people seeking refuge at UN peacekeeping compounds.

  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), ongoing displacement, expectations for a poor 2014/2015 cropping season, and significantly reduced income are expected to further exacerbate the food security situation.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest supporter of the UN World Food Program (WFP) in South Sudan as it targets 2.9 million people with food assistance, including nearly 1.7 million through the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) and 1.2 million through its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO). 

  • FFP has contributed $327.4 million in FY14, including more than $311 million to WFP’s emergency operation.  Given the severity of the crisis, the U.S. provided $180 million, using resources from the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT), a special reserve under the Secretary of Agriculture used to respond to unforeseen food crises abroad.  With this funding FFP is providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to the most vulnerable populations.  FFP has also supported the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) with $5 million to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five.  Access continues to be a major challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current needs due to the worsening crisis, while also planning ahead for the upcoming dry season. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $327.4 million 46,953 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $166.1 million 95,274 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $205.5 million 110,499 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $54.6 million 31,160 MT
Fiscal Year 2010++ $308.2 million 322,130 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $132.4 million 42,490 MT
Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)+ $180.0 million ----
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $15.0 million 4,463 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, UNHCR, and OFDA as of August 2014
+Includes funding contributed by USDA's Commodity Credit Corporation with metric tonnage to be determined
++Fiscal Year 2010 represents funding and metric tonnage from Sudan and South Sudan

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: August 13, 2014

Share This Page