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February 9, 2015
Food Security Situation
South Sudan officially declared its independence on July 9, 2011 to become the United Nations 193rd member country. The country continues to face major social and political challenges. Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 2.5 million are likely to be in need of food assistance through March 2015.
On December 15, 2013, clashes erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the government. Conflict has spread across the country, and as of February 9, has displaced more than 2 million people, including roughly 500,000 who have fled to neighboring countries. More than 1.5 million people are internally displaced, including approximately 103,000 people seeking refuge at UN peacekeeping compounds.
Large scale displacement in the most conflict-affected areas has negatively affected livestock and crop production, and markets. While recent nutrition assessments indicate an overall improvement in South Sudan, malnutrition rates remain above the U.N. World Health Organization’s emergency threshold in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Warrap states.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest supporter of the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) in South Sudan as it targets 3.2 million people with food assistance, including nearly 1.5 million through the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) and 1.7 million through its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO).
Since the beginning of the crisis in South Sudan, FFP has provided nearly $456 million for WFP’s emergency and relief operations, including funding from a seldom-tapped reserve under the Secretary of Agriculture, the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT). In FY15 to date, FFP has contributed $6.1 million to UNICEF to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five, and $54.1 million to Catholic Relief Services (CRS) for lifesaving emergency food distributions and early recovery food production activities in Jonglei State.
Access continues to be a major challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current needs due to the worsening crisis, while also supporting pre-positioning of food commodities during the current dry season.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$226.2 million||84,950 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$307.1 million||119,040 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$166.0 million||95,274 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$205.5 million||110,499 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$54.6 million||31,160 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$60.2 million||15,720 MT|
|Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)+||$166.0 million||69,230 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: February 09, 2015