Food Assistance Fact Sheet - South Sudan

February 9, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of South Sudan
CIA World Factbook
  • South Sudan officially declared its independence on July 9, 2011 to become the United Nations 193rd member country. The country continues to face major social and political challenges. Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 2.5 million are likely to be in need of food assistance through March 2015.  

  • On December 15, 2013, clashes erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the government. Conflict has spread across the country, and as of February 9, has displaced more than 2 million people, including roughly 500,000 who have fled to neighboring countries. More than 1.5 million people are internally displaced, including approximately 103,000 people seeking refuge at UN peacekeeping compounds.

  • Large scale displacement in the most conflict-affected areas has negatively affected livestock and crop production, and markets.  While recent nutrition assessments indicate an overall improvement in South Sudan, malnutrition rates remain above the U.N. World Health Organization’s emergency threshold in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Warrap states. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest supporter of the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) in South Sudan as it targets 3.2 million people with food assistance, including nearly 1.5 million through the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) and 1.7 million through its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO). 

  • Since the beginning of the crisis in South Sudan, FFP has provided nearly $456 million for WFP’s emergency and relief operations,  including funding from a seldom-tapped reserve under the Secretary of Agriculture, the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT). In FY15 to date, FFP has contributed $6.1 million to UNICEF to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five, and $54.1 million to Catholic Relief Services (CRS) for lifesaving emergency food distributions and early recovery food production activities in Jonglei State.   

  • Access continues to be a major challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current needs due to the worsening crisis, while also supporting pre-positioning of food commodities during the current dry season. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2015 $226.2 million 84,950 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $307.1 million 119,040 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $166.0 million 95,274 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $205.5 million 110,499 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $54.6 million 31,160 MT

Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $60.2   million 15,720  MT
Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)+ $166.0  million  69,230 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, UNHCR, and the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification as of February 2014
+Includes funding contributed by USDA’s Commodity Credit Corporation and Title II resources

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: February 09, 2015

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