Food Assistance Fact Sheet - South Sudan

May 22, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of South Sudan
CIA World Factbook
  • South Sudan officially declared its independence on July 9, 2011 to become the United Nations 193rd member country. The country continues to face major social and political changes.  Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 7 million are food insecure and 3.5 million are in need of food assistance. 

  • On December 15, 2013, clashes erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the government.  Conflict has spread throughout the country, with flashpoints in Malakal, Bor, and Bentiu.  As of May 16, the conflict has forced more than 342,900 people to flee to neighboring countries. An estimated 998,900 persons are internally displaced including 86,000 people seeking refuge at UN peacekeeping compounds.

  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), ongoing displacement, expectations for a poor 2014/2015 cropping season, and significantly reduced income are expected to further exacerbate the food security situation.  By August 2014, 7.3 million people are expected to be in need of food assistance, with 3.9 facing crisis and emergency levels of acute food insecurity.  If conflict and diminished food access persist, one million are expected to face famine by the end of the rainy season in October.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is targeting 3.2 million people with food assistance, including 2 million through the UN World Food Program’s (WFP) emergency program and 1.2 million through WFP’s protracted relief and recovery operation.

  • FFP has provided $147.4 million in FY14, including $135 million in emergency food assistance to WFP. FFP also supported the reauthorization and transfer of existing funds for WFP’s Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation toward its Emergency Operation in response to the crisis. Additionally, FFP has provided $5 million to UNICEF for the treatment of acute severe malnutrition among children under five years of age.  Access continues to be a considerable challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current, acute needs due to the worsening crisis, while also planning ahead for the end of the rainy season. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $147.4 million 13,500 MT+
Fiscal Year 2013 $166.1 million 95,274 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $205.5 million 110,499 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $54.6 million 31,160 MT
Fiscal Year 2010++ $308.2 million 322,130 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $132.4 million 13,500 MT+
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $15.0 million ----

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and OFDA as of May 2014
+ Total MT for Fiscal Year 2014 is yet to be determined
++Fiscal Year 2010 represents funding and metric tonnage from Sudan and South Sudan

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: May 22, 2014

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