South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On February 9, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development convened the High-Level Event on the Humanitarian Crisis in South Sudan and its Impact on the Region in Nairobi, Kenya. Attending donors pledged approximately $618 million in support of the crisis response, almost $529 million of which was previously unannounced, the UN reports.

At the Nairobi event, the U.S. government (USG) announced an additional $273 million in FY 2015 funding for populations affected by the crisis in South Sudan. This includes nearly $40 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, more than $193 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and an additional $11.6 million from the Department of State's Bureau for Population, Refugees, and Migration, which has also contributed $27.9 million in FY 2015 funding for assistance to refugees in neighboring countries. Since December 2013, the USG has provided nearly $1 billion for populations affected by the crisis in South Sudan.

On February 2, the South Sudan integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Technical Working Group released its December 2014 update, which maintained the group’s September 2014 projection that 2.5 million people would experience Crisis—IPC 3—and Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity from January to March 2015, but revised the affected locations.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2015

USAID/OFDA

$39,777,797

USAID/FFP

$226,225,290

USAID/AFR

$28,000,000

State/PRM

$11,578,840

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

$277,581,927

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan for FY 2014 & FY 2015

$993,447,663

*These figures are current as of February 9, 2015

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: February 10, 2015

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