South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

As reported cases of cholera steadily increase in areas outside of Juba County, Central Equatoria State, relief agencies continue efforts to improve health and WASH conditions to curb the spread of the disease. Humanitarian organizations are urgently responding to increased cases of cholera in Wau Shilluk town, Upper Nile State, where nearly 700 suspected cases were reported as of July 10.

In response to increased food insecurity in parts of Unity, relief actors are scaling up food and nutrition assistance in affected areas. Ongoing response activities include blanket and targeted supplementary feeding programs, livelihood kit distributions, malnutrition screenings, and outpatient nutrition treatment for pregnant and lactating women.

On July 10, State/PRM announced an additional $21.6 million in humanitarian assistance to support refugees and IDPs in South Sudan and South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. The funding will support international organization and non-governmental organization (NGO) efforts to assist IDPs and refugees by improving access to safe drinking water, food, health care, and essential household items, as well as supporting employment training, preventing gender-based violence (GBV), and increasing child protection.

U.N. agencies continue to expand activities in conflict-affected areas through the new Inter-Rapid Response Mechanism. Multi-sector teams are reaching populations with health, nutrition, child protection, and WASH support in remote areas, including Akobo town, Jonglei State; Mayendit and Nyal towns, Unity State; and Melut town, Upper Nile State.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2013 AND FY 2014

USAID/OFDA

$110,000,000

USAID/FFP

$147,400,000

USAID/AFR

$14,200,000

State/PRM

$122,512,490

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

$394,112,490

*These figures are current as of June 27, 2014

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: July 24, 2014

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