South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On June 16, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO) and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (OCHA) convened a high-level conference on the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan in Geneva, Switzerland. Attending donors pledged more than $275 million in support of the crisis response, including $133 million in additional FY 2015 support from the U.S. government for populations affected by the crisis in South Sudan.

The new U.S. funding announced in Geneva includes $17.2 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, approximately $97.6 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and $18.5 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau for Population, Refugees, and Migration. Since December 2013, the United States has provided more than $1.2 billion in assistance for populations affected by the crisis in South Sudan.

Increased violence in Unity and Upper Nile states has prompted large-scale population displacement and hindered access to populations in need of humanitarian assistance, the UN reports. Since April, approximately 30,000 South Sudanese refugees have fled to Sudan, where many refugee-hosting sites will likely be rendered inaccessible with the onset of the June-to-October rainy season.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2015

USAID/OFDA

$73,408,693

USAID/FFP

$335,208,890

State/PRM

$123,078,546

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015

$531,696,129

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 & 2015 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)

$1,239,053,838

*These figures are current as of June 19, 2015

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: June 22, 2015

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