South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The USAID-supported Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that parts of Greater Upper Nile—Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile states—are experiencing early onset of the May-to-August lean season. Depletion of food stocks, continued cereal deficits, and difficulties seeking income-generating opportunities and accessing seasonal foods further compounds food security challenges. As a result, FEWS NET expects food security conditions in several counties to deteriorate to Emergency—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification 4—levels by April. Despite increasing security challenges, bureaucratic impediments, and the slow drying of roads, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) and USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) continued its efforts to pre-position and deliver critical food assistance for food-insecure populations.

To date in FY 2015, USAID/FFP has provided approximately 69,200 metric tons of food assistance to WFP to help meet emergency food needs. The UN Children’s Fund and the Government of the Republic of South Sudan continued to negotiate the release of forcibly conscripted children from the South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army (SSDM/A) Cobra Faction. Including 650 children released in March, the SSDM/A Cobra Faction has released more than 1,300 children since January 26.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan for FY 2014 & FY 2015


*These figures are current as of March 27, 2015


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: April 03, 2015

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