South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The security situation in South Sudan remains volatile, with fighting erupting between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and opposition elements in Jonglei and Upper Nile states in late July. A series of clashes over control of Nasir town, Upper Nile, on June 20 and June 23 between armed youth, opposition forces, and the SPLA drew widespread condemnation from the international community. The attacks represented serious violations of the cessation of hostilities agreements signed by both parties to the conflict.

Although cholera transmission rates are decreasing countrywide, humanitarian actors continue efforts to stem the spread of the disease by providing safe drinking water to at-risk populations, distributing soap and water purification tablets, and disseminating hygiene promotion messages.

Women and girls remain at risk for gender-based violence (GBV) in and around UNMISS protection of civilian (PoC) sites due to congestion, lack of sanitation facilities, and military presence, according to the U.N. USAID/OFDA funding is improving access to protection services, such as specialized medical and psychosocial support and GBV case management, training on GBV prevention and response, and mobile protection response teams.










Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan


*These figures are current as of June 27, 2014


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: July 30, 2014

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