South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Violence in and around Upper Nile’s Malakal town to date in April has displaced thousands of people and disrupted the delivery of emergency humanitarian assistance, according to the UN. On April 21 and 22, fighting in Malakal displaced at least 1,500 individuals to the town’s UNMISS protection of civilians site, where more than 26,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were already sheltering.

In April, food security deteriorated in parts of Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile states, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Nearly 3 million people are currently facing Crisis—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3—and Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity—an increase since March, when approximately 2.5 million people were facing Crisis or Emergency levels of food insecurity.FEWS NET anticipates that food insecurity will further worsen, with an estimated 3.5 million people likely to require food assistance by June.

On April 23, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance announced more than $16.4 million in new FY 2015 funding to support the humanitarian response in South Sudan. This contribution brings total U.S. government emergency assistance for the South Sudan response to more than $1 billion since the crisis began in December 2013. This latest funding will include support for agriculture; health; nutrition; shelter and settlements; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan for FY 2014 & FY 2015


*These figures are current as of April 27, 2015


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 27, 2015

Share This Page

How You Can Help

The best way to help those affected by disasters is to make a cash donation to reputable relief and charitable organizations working in the disaster zone. 

For more information, contact the Center for International Disaster Information at or 202-821-1999.