South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Although Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GoRSS) President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar recommitted to the cessation of hostilities agreement on November 9, ongoing violence in Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile continues to drive displacement and humanitarian needs. However, the U.N. reports the situation in Upper Nile’s Malakal protection of civilian site is calm following inter-communal tensions in recent weeks.

From November 19 to 21, U.N. Assistant Secretary-General and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/DERC) Kyung-wha Kang visited South Sudan to highlight the humanitarian consequences of the conflict and mobilize support for the humanitarian response. While in South Sudan, ASG/DERC Kang met with GoRSS officials, Humanitarian Country Team members, and conflict-affected individuals.

On November 25, the GoRSS and protection partners launched a 16-day gender-based violence (GBV) awareness campaign to address the high incidence of GBV in South Sudan, which the U.N. reports has increased since the onset of the current crisis.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2014

USAID/OFDA

$119,934,406

USAID/FFP

$339,650,375

USAID/AFR

$28,000,000

State/PRM

$134,276,346

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

$621,861,127

*These figures are current as of December 1, 2014

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: December 03, 2014

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