South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Humanitarian organizations are increasingly concerned regarding severely deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. An estimated 7 million people are vulnerable to food insecurity, with 3.7 million people at high risk, according to the U.N. Malnutrition levels are also increasing, and the U.N Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates that 222,700 children may require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the coming months—more than double the number of children requiring treatment in 2013.

As the April-to-August rainy season intensifies, relief organizations are scaling up efforts to support infrastructure improvements and voluntary relocations at congested UNMISS bases to mitigate health and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) risks associated with flooding and standing water.

In recent days, clashes in Upper Nile State near Melut town resulted in the displacement of approximately 103,000 people to Kodok, Lul, and Wau Shiluk towns. The fluid security situation continues to create challenges for relief organizations attempting to track and provide assistance to displaced populations.

U.N. agencies continue to expand activities in conflict-affected areas through the new Inter-Rapid Response Mechanism. Multi-sector teams are reaching populations with health, nutrition, child protection, and WASH support in remote areas, including Akobo town, Jonglei State; Mayendit and Nyal towns, Unity State; and Melut town, Upper Nile State.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2013 AND FY 2014

USAID/OFDA

$120,608,953

USAID/FFP

$180,884,300

State/PRM

$109,735,400

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

$411,228,653

*These figures are current as of April 11, 2014

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: April 15, 2014

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