South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Humanitarian agencies continue to respond to difficult living conditions at the UNMISS PoC site in Bentiu, where approximately 47,200 displaced persons are seeking shelter. Relief actors are preparing additional drainage infrastructure, improving sanitation facilities, and deploying further water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) staff, the U.N. reports.

As seasonal heavy rains affect living conditions for displaced populations, relief agencies are responding to several health-related concerns, including increased incidences of water-borne diseases and an increase in cases of kala-azar disease. The increase in kala-azar cases demonstrates the threat conflict poses to the well-being of displaced populations, who often experience decreased immunity to diseases due to limited access to health care facilities and increased levels of malnutrition, the U.N. reports.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2013 AND FY 2014

USAID/OFDA

$120,119,987

USAID/FFP

$339,650,375

USAID/AFR

$28,000,000

State/PRM

$134,276,346

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

622,046,708

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2014

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: October 14, 2014

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