South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

All internally displaced persons (IDPs) previously sheltering at the UNMISS Tomping Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Juba have relocated to the UN House PoC 3 site, the UN reports. Relief actors continue efforts to provide humanitarian services and improve living conditions for the nearly 33,100 IDPs sheltering at the three UN House PoC sites.

Fighting continues in parts of South Sudan, prompting increased civilian displacement in some areas. Clashes in northern Jonglei in recent months have reportedly displaced approximately 100,000 people, according to reports from local authorities. In addition, tensions are high in Nasir town, Upper Nile State, with reports of small arms fire in recent days. The UN also received reports of rocket fire near Bentiu town, Unity State, in late December.

In mid-December, the UN World Food Program successfully delivered approximately 450 metric tons of U.S. government-donated food commodities by barge from Sudan’s Kosti town to South Sudan’s Upper Nile. The cross-border delivery represents the first transport of humanitarian assistance from Sudan to South Sudan via river since South Sudan declared independence in 2011.










Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan


*These figures are current as of January 5, 2015


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: January 21, 2015

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