South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.
AFP/TONY KARUMBA

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The forced recruitment of children into conflict remains a concern in South Sudan’s ongoing crisis. According to the UN, armed militants kidnapped at least 89 children in government held Wau Shilluk payam, Upper Nile, during the week of February 16. Earlier in the month, in Jonglei State, the South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army (SSDM/A) Cobra Faction released 300 children it had previously recruited into conflict.

The UN World Health Organization (WHO) and partners confirmed a cholera outbreak in Eastern Equatoria, reporting 43 suspected cases—including two confirmed cases and three deaths—between February 11 and 19. As of February 26, WHO had reported no additional confirmed or suspected cases. With support from the UN and other health actors, response teams have pre-positioned cholera treatment kits and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) supplies at the county and state levels.

Despite ongoing insecurity, USAID's Office of Food for Peace partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) continues to provide food assistance to South Sudan’s conflict-affected states. In mid-February, a WFP truck convoy delivered 670 metric tons of food aid to insecure populations in Maban and Melut counties, Upper Nile. WFP has also dispatched additional food and relief commodities to Jonglei, Lakes, Upper Nile, and Warrap states.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2015

USAID/OFDA

$39,777,797

USAID/FFP

$226,225,290

USAID/AFR

$28,000,000

State/PRM

$11,578,840

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan

$277,581,927

Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan for FY 2014 & FY 2015

$993,447,663

*These figures are current as of February 9, 2015

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: March 04, 2015

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