The accelerated use of natural resources and the limited protections to combat their exploitation results in the loss of coral reefs and tropical forests, home to endangered plants and animals. The reduction of wildlife habitats and species results in loss of livelihoods, food sources, and potential cures to diseases that could be derived from plants and animals unique to Indonesia. USAID’s technical assistance supports the development and implementation of environmental policies, laws, and regulations while implementing alternative economic development strategies that protect the natural environment and encourage sustainable resource management.
Marine Sector: Indonesia’s coral reefs have increasingly come under threat from climate change, overfishing, pollution, and disease. Regionally, USAID supports the Coral Triangle Initiative to lower the rate of declining fish stocks and promote sustainable livelihoods across six countries. Locally, projects strengthen the technical capacity of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and universities to improve sustainable fisheries management, and strengthen management of marine protected areas. USAID also helps coastal communities identify risks and develop strategies for resilience to climate change and natural disasters.
Terrestrial Sector: USAID supports the Government of Indonesia’s (GOI) priorities and builds partnerships to strengthen and promote sustainable land-use management and practices. USAID works in seven landscapes stretching across five provinces: Papua, Central Kalimantan, West Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and Aceh. Our projects focus on conserving large swaths of lowland and peat forest with high concentrations of biodiversity.
strengthening climate change resilience
People around the globe are feeling the negative consequences of deforestation and the growing threat of climate change. Emergency responders are combating forest fires like the 2013 Sumatra forest fires; farmers are seeing crops wilt one year and wash away the next; families and local communities are worried about being flooded out of their homes or water resources drying up. As the third largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter in the world, Indonesia made a bold commitment to reduce its emissions by 41% by 2020 with international assistance. USAID supports Indonesia’s efforts to reduce GHG emissions and to improve awareness and ability to adapt to the effects of climate change.
Green House Gas Reduction: About 87% of Indonesia’s reduction targets for GHG emissions come from the natural resources sector. USAID’s programs improve land-use planning, natural resources governance, forest management, and adaptation of low emission development strategies for communities dependent on local natural resources.
Climate Change Adaptation: USAID works with the GOI to help the most vulnerable areas of Indonesia to become more resilient to the effects of climate change. Our activities happen at the district and sub-district levels with emphasis on tangible impacts for local communities. USAID also builds local government capacity to understand the effects of climate change and implement climate change solutions in agriculture, water, and natural resource management.
Low Carbon Energy Systems: USAID supports low carbon development in Indonesia. USAID’s clean energy initiatives expand the development of clean renewable energy in order to reduce GHG emissions. Our approach improves energy sector policy and coordination, increases the development of clean energy projects, and builds capacity for clean energy.
Last updated: January 28, 2015