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March 26, 2013
Food Security Situation
Throughout the last 20 years, Somalia has experienced recurrent conflict and drought, including a severe food crisis and famine conditions in 2011, making it one of the most difficult locations for humanitarian response.
Recent improvements in food security are the result of humanitarian interventions and average October to December 2012 seasonal rains that boosted food and livestock production. However, 1.05 million people - 14 percent of the populations - are experiencing acute food insecurity.
Malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world. An estimated 215,000 children under five years of age are acutely malnourished, out of which at least 45,000 are severely malnourished.
Early forecasts indicate that the April to June 2013 seasonal rains will be normal to below normal. A poor rainy season would increase the number of households experiencing crisis level food insecurity.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets drought-affected, food-insecure Somali households countrywide.
FFP supports the UN World Food Program (WFP), other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, and social safety net activities within Somalia. These activities include cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$45.6 million||26,620 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$166.6 million||63,790 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.0 million||31,420 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.0 million||18,650 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$123.4 million||156,640 MT|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$44.0 million||26,620MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$1.6 million||----|
Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance
*Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, FSNAU, and WFP as of January 2013
EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; FEWS NET: Famine Early Warning Systems Network; FSNAU: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit
Last updated: March 26, 2013