Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

November 3, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook
  • Since 1991, Somalia has faced conflict and frequent droughts. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine affecting four million people, or approximately half of the country’s estimated population.  

  • An estimated 1,025,000 people in Somalia–of whom 62 percent are internally displaced persons–are expected to experience crisis or emergency levels of acute food insecurity by December 2014, a 20 percent increase since January 2014. In addition, more than two million people remain vulnerable to shocks that could push them back into a food security crisis.

  • Erratic April-to-June rains resulted in a below-average July/August Gu harvest, with cereal production 37 percent below the long-term average. Ongoing displacement, high food prices, and restricted trade have also contributed to the increased food insecurity.  

  • Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges to delivering assistance.  

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and internally displaced persons countrywide.

  • FFP partners with the U.N. World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance and regional procurement, as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,591 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $76.9 million 38,570 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $161.9 million 65,240 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $89.0 million 36,197 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $15.0 million 18,650 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $78.7 million 41,810 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $48.8 million 11,781 MT

Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance

Food Security Situation information provided by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) as of October 2014


Last updated: December 18, 2014

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