- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Increasing Food Security through Feed the Future
- Food Aid Reform
- Expanding and Enhancing Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Supporting Agricultural Capacity Development
- Supporting Global Nutrition
- Investing in Sustainable Agriculture
- Food Assistance
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Science, Technology and Innovation
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
November 15, 2013
Food Security Situation
Since 1991, Somalia has faced conflict and frequent droughts. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine affecting four
million people, or approximately half of the country’s estimated population.
Successive seasons of average to above average rainfall, lower food prices, and sustained humanitarian interventions have resulted in recent improvements in the food security situation.
The number of people in crisis in Somalia is at its lowest since famine was declared in 2011. However, an estimated 870,000 Somalis – of whom 72 percent are internally displaced persons – continue to experience crisis and emergency level food insecurity. In addition, nearly 2.3 million people, one third of Somalia’s population, remain vulnerable to shocks that could push them back into a food security crisis.
Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges in delivering assistance.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and internally displaced persons countrywide.
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience building activities. These activities include cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$31.1 million||17,580 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$76.8 million||38,580 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$161.9 million||65,240 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.0 million||36,197 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.0 million||18,650 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$31.1 million||17,570 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Note: MT: Metric Ton; FEWS NET: Famine Early Warning Systems Network; FSNAU: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit; UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance
٭Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET and FSNAU as of September 2013
Last updated: November 15, 2013