- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
November 3, 2014
Food Security Situation
Since 1991, Somalia has faced conflict and frequent droughts. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine affecting four million people, or approximately half of the country’s estimated population.
An estimated 1,025,000 people in Somalia–of whom 62 percent are internally displaced persons–are expected to experience crisis or emergency levels of acute food insecurity by December 2014, a 20 percent increase since January 2014. In addition, more than two million people remain vulnerable to shocks that could push them back into a food security crisis.
Erratic April-to-June rains resulted in a below-average July/August Gu harvest, with cereal production 37 percent below the long-term average. Ongoing displacement, high food prices, and restricted trade have also contributed to the increased food insecurity.
Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges to delivering assistance.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and internally displaced persons countrywide.
FFP partners with the U.N. World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance and regional procurement, as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$127.5 million||53,591 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$76.9 million||38,570 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$161.9 million||65,240 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.0 million||36,197 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.0 million||18,650 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$78.7 million||41,810 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$48.8 million||11,781 MT|
Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance
Food Security Situation information provided by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) as of October 2014
Last updated: December 18, 2014