Rwanda is a small, landlocked country with a population density that is among the highest in Africa. Rwanda is one of the world’s poorest countries but much has changed since the 1994 genocide that killed over 800,000 people.
Rwanda has made remarkable progress in developing national and local government institutions, maintaining security, promoting reconciliation and strengthening the justice system.
Significant chronic vulnerability in the Sahel has taken hold as a result of a combination of factors, including poverty, marginalization, weak governance, low rainfall, population pressure and high population growth, food price volatility, and climate variability.
In 2011, irregular rainfall combined with civil conflict, high food prices and shocks such as locust infestation rendered more than 18 million people food insecure, according to FAO.
In an effort to move beyond just addressing the symptoms of these factors, the Sahel Joint Planning Cell (JPC) was formed to bring together the expertise of both USAID humanitarian assistance and development assistance actors in finding innovative and collaborative ways to build resilience among vulnerable populations in the Sahel.
USAID's programs are supporting Serbia's vision to be democratic, prosperous and fully integrated into Euro-Atlantic institutions. USAID is helping Serbia enact reforms for the country to complete its economic and democratic transition into the European Union (EU) and other international institutions.
Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Sierra Leone has been steadily rebuilding physical, social and health infrastructure. However, the challenges of endemic corruption, high youth unemployment, inadequate services, and widespread poverty are still critical impediments to progress.
Since 1991, Somalia has essentially been a collapsed state. The social costs of war have been enormous, leaving Somalia with some of the lowest human development indicators in the world. In 2011 and 2012, the worst drought that East Africa has seen in 60 years led to famine in southern Somalia, uprooting thousands of families and putting millions at severe risk. Food security has improved, largely driven by humanitarian assistance.
USAID is working to increase stability and reduce the appeal of extremism in Somalia through programming that fosters good governance, promotes economic recovery and growth, offers youth skills training, and works to increase social cohesion through improved community with government relationships. Our programs are planned and carried out with local partners in the context of Somali culture and values.
Almost two decades after the end of apartheid, the South African Government continues to uphold the rights of its citizens and to invest heavily in the wellbeing of its people. South Africa plays a key economic and political role on the continent, but faces many challenges, including unemployment, HIV/AIDS, crime and corruption.
Fighting that erupted in the capital of Juba in December 2013 plunged the Republic of South Sudan into its most severe crisis since it became independent on July 9, 2011, following decades of civil war. Thousands of South Sudanese have been killed and traumatized in atrocities committed in the months following the outbreak of violence and more than 1.7 million have been displaced from their homes – more than 10 percent of the country’s population. This includes more than 450,000 who have sought refuge in neighboring countries and nearly 100,000 who have sheltered at United Nations compounds in South Sudan and are afraid or unable to return to their homes.
USAID has worked in South Sudan for decades, providing lifesaving humanitarian assistance, conflict mitigation assistance, and support for key milestones of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which culminated in South Sudan’s independence. USAID has helped South Sudan establish foundational institutions and processes of governance, provided essential services for citizens, including education, health, water and sanitation, infrastructure such as roads, bridges and electricity, and economic growth support, particularly for South Sudan’s promising agriculture sector, resulting in significant development gains for this fledgling nation.
United States Providing $180 Million More to Help Feed People in Need in South Sudan
U.S. Pledges Additional Humanitarian Assistance to South Sudan
United Nations, United States and European Union call for Immediate Action on South Sudan
South Sudan Transition Strategy: Summary (pdf,125kb)
South Sudan Transition Strategy: Full (pdf,1.2mb)
Southern Africa Regional
While Southern Africa has seen significant economic growth achievements, the overall number of people living in poverty has grown over the past two decades. Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and South Africa have some of the highest levels of income inequality in the world. Since 1995, USAID has maintained a regional program in Southern Africa that has evolved over time to address the changing development challenges of the sub-region. Our programs increase trade and strengthen regional economic ties, address the HIV/AIDS crisis, mitigate food insecurity, and support democratic processes.
Sri Lanka, an island nation located along major maritime trade routes in the Indian Ocean, is currently experiencing steady economic growth following 26 years of conflict and a disastrous tsunami in 2004. USAID works with the Government and people of Sri Lanka to help the country sustain this growth while ensuring all citizens enjoy its benefits.
USAID prioritizes programs that bolster economic growth, extend critical social services to local communities, and strengthen the ability of local organizations to advocate for citizen needs and sustain these vital services.
Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan became an independent country. It sits at the crossroads of sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, with fertile lands, abundant livestock and natural resources. Since independence in 1956, Sudan has faced highly complex development challenges, but is key to stability of the region.
Swaziland is a small country almost completely surrounded by South Africa. Due in large part to its geographic position, Swaziland’s economy is heavily dependent upon trade with South Africa. The country has a relatively high per capita income, but nearly 70 percent of the population lives in poverty. Most high-level economic activity is conducted by non-Africans living in Swaziland. Primary education is widespread among boys and girls. The government’s transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy has been slow and remains incomplete.
According to the U.N., the conflict in Syria had resulted in more than 191,000 deaths as of April 2014—more than double the figure last reported by the U.N. in July 2013. Nearly 11 million people are in need of aid inside Syria and face threats, displacement, hunger, injury and death due to the appalling tactics of the Asad regime and extremist groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Таджикистан, центрально-азиатская страна, которая имеет прозрачную границу с Афганистаном протяженностью 1287 км, может выступать в качестве торгового канала между данным регионом и странами Южной Азии. По мере вывода американских войск из Афганистана, Таджикистан будет играть все более важную роль в процессе трансформации Афганистана в более стабильного и надежного соседа, с которым можно наладить отношения. Соединенные Штаты сотрудничают с Таджикистаном с целью сохранения продуктивных партнерских отношений, что может оказать благотворное влияние на благосостояние региона.
U.S. assistance supports Tanzania’s national development goal to build public and private capacity to foster a healthier, prosperous and secure nation through accountable, democratic government that responds effectively to the needs of its citizens.
Since 1832, the United States and Thailand have maintained a strong relationship. Through its assistance programs, USAID has built a solid foundation of partnership in development with the Royal Thai Government.
Timor-Leste is one of the world's newest countries and also one of the poorest. This small, half-island nation is home to a young and culturally diverse population of just over 1 million. In its pivotal Southeast Asia location between Indonesia and Australia, Timor-Leste is already playing an important role in regional and global organizations. It currently holds the chair of the g7+ Group of Fragile and Conflict-Affected States, helping to lead the way to more effective engagement between developed and developing countries.
The United States strongly supports the Tunisian people as they lay the foundation for a future of economic prosperity that empowers a new generation, strengthens civil society and solidifies the foundation of democracy.
Tunisians have charted their own political transition, and USAID has answered Tunisian requests for support for economic growth, good governance, and expanded opportunities—areas that are interlinked in this transition environment.
Sharing long borders with Afghanistan and Iran in Central Asia, and serving as a key link to the South Asian subcontinent, Turkmenistan plays a critical role in advancing regional integration and stability. The country’s large oil and gas reserves also make it a pivotal supplier for regional and world markets. As the former Soviet Republic emerges from decades of isolation, the United States supports Turkmenistan in its efforts to foster a more open and integrated society.
USAID’s wide-ranging work supports U.S. policy objectives in peace and security, democracy and governance, health and education, economic growth, and humanitarian assistance. We implement three major U.S. presidential initiatives in Uganda: Feed the Future, the Global Health Initiative and the Global Climate Change Initiative.
Last updated: October 25, 2014