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Agriculture and Food Security

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Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world where malnutrition is widespread. In fact , over 70 % of households lack food at any given time of the year. In addition, Madagascar is highly exposed to climate hazards . Over the past 35 years, more than fifty natural disasters have struck the Big Island , and cyclones , drought , floods and locust invasions have affected the lives of more than half the population. These natural disasters have brought in their wake epidemics including the malaria and food shortages.

USAID 's response to chronic and transitory food insecurity that affects 600 vulnerable communities in eastern and southern Madagascar is done through the creation of employment opportunities and income for rural households . It also strengthens the maternal and child nutrition during the lean period in targeted areas , making dietary supplementation to pregnant and nursing mothers and toddlers women. In addition, USAID is working with farmers groups to improve production techniques to increase food production and productivity.

USAID also rehabilitates thousands of kilometers of rural feeder roads to improve access to markets, social services and schools, and restores network of irrigation canals that feed large tracts of farmland.

Last updated: January 14, 2014

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