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- Agriculture and Food Security
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September 2, 2014
Food Security Situation
Kenya has the largest and most diversified economy in East Africa. Nevertheless, 40 percent of Kenyans live below the poverty line and 1.3 million are in need of food assistance.
- Seventy-five percent of food is produced by small-scale farmers, of whom 70 percent are women with little or no access to farm inputs. With limited irrigation, these farmers are heavily dependent on seasonal rains and vulnerable to crop failure if drought occurs. As a result of below-average rains, many Kenyans are expected to face significant food gaps during the lean season from August to October. A recent Ministry of Health survey reports the number of children suffering from malnutrition is significantly higher this year, with one in four requiring urgent assistance.
Kenya hosts approximately 500,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia and South Sudan, in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps. Since the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan in mid-December, nearly 47,000 additional refugees have entered the country. Joint United Nations, donor, and Government of Kenya assessment missions report that most of these refugees depend on food assistance for survival.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Kenyans in arid and semi-arid areas and refugees living in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps.
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide relief and build resilience to chronic shocks through a variety of activities including direct distribution, supplementary feeding, mother and child health and nutrition, food-for-assets, cash-for-assets, and therapeutic feeding activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$92.3 million||74,780 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$106.7 million||86,480 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$113.7 million||91,272 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$134.8 million||118,617 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$112.0 million||109,840 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$77.3 million||74,780 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$15.0 million||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET and WFP as of July 2014
Last updated: September 02, 2014