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- Agriculture and Food Security
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April 19, 2014
Food Security Situation
Kenya has the largest and most diversified economy in East Africa. Nevertheless, 40 percent of Kenyans live below the poverty line and more than 1.6 million will require immediate food assistance through June.
- Seventy-five percent of food is produced by small-scale farmers, of whom 70 percent are women with little or no access to farm inputs. With limited irrigation, these farmers are heavily dependent on seasonal rains and vulnerable to crop failure if drought occurs.
Due to below-average short rains in late 2014 and drier-than-average conditions, food insecurity has worsened in many pastoral and marginal agricultural areas in recent months. Forecasted normal to below-normal long rains through May could result in further deterioration of pastoral lands and water resources.
Kenya hosts approximately 600,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia and South Sudan, in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps. Since the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan in mid-December, more than 45,000 additional South Sudanese refugees have entered the country. Joint United Nations, donor, and Government of Kenya assessment missions report that most of these refugees depend on food assistance for survival.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) to provide relief and build resilience to chronic shocks among the most vulnerable populations in Kenya. In the arid and semi-arid areas, FFP supports food-insecure Kenyans through a variety of activities, including direct food distributions, food-for-assets and cash-for-assets. FFP is also providing funding and in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to UNICEF for the treatment of malnutrition in the arid and semi-arid areas and among refugee populations in Kenya.
FFP also supports refugees living in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps, and their host communities, through direct food distributions, mother and child health and nutrition, supplementary feeding, and therapeutic feeding activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$51.5 million||47,200 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$111.4 million||74,780 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$106.7 million||86,480 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$113.7 million||91,272 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$134.8 million||118,617 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$51.5 million||47,200 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
*Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET, WFP and UNHCR as of March 2015
Last updated: April 20, 2015