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July 23, 2015
Food Security Situation
Kenya has the largest and most diversified economy in East Africa. Nevertheless, 40 percent of Kenyans live below the poverty line and more than 1.6 million will require immediate food assistance.
Seventy-five percent of food is produced by small-scale farmers, of whom 70 percent are women with little or no access to farm inputs. With limited irrigation, these farmers are heavily dependent on seasonal rains and vulnerable to crop failure if drought occurs.
Following below-average short rains last year and subsequent drier-than-normal conditions, food insecurity deteriorated in many pastoral and marginal agricultural areas earlier this year. Near normal March-to-May long rains, however, have improved access to food in these areas. In parts of north and northeastern Kenya, below-average long rains have worsened food insecurity, with some households continuing to experience crisis levels of food insecurity.
Kenya hosts approximately 600,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia and South Sudan, in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps. Since the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan in mid-December, more than 91,000 additional South Sudanese refugees have entered the country. Joint United Nations, donor, and Government of Kenya assessment missions report that most of these refugees depend on food assistance for survival.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) to provide relief and build resilience to chronic shocks among the most vulnerable populations in Kenya. In the arid and semi-arid areas, FFP supports food-insecure Kenyans through a variety of activities, including direct food distributions, food-for-assets and cash-for-assets. FFP is also providing funding and in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to UNICEF for the treatment of malnutrition in the arid and semi-arid areas and among refugee populations in Kenya.
FFP also supports refugees living in the Dadaab and Kakuma camps, and their host communities, through direct food distributions, mother and child health and nutrition, supplementary feeding, and therapeutic feeding activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$73.0 million||66,770 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$111.4 million||74,780 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$106.7 million||86,480 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$113.7 million||91,272 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$134.8 million||118,617 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$73.0 million||66,770 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP and UNHCR as of June 2015
Last updated: July 23, 2015