Map of Ethiopia

Working in Crises and Conflict

Ethiopia crisis and conflict
U.S. food aid helps vulnerable families withstand crises like droughts
USAID

Stability in Ethiopia is important not only to the people of Ethiopia, but also to the region as a whole. USAID encourages government and civil society to collaborate on improving conflict management policies and practices at the local, regional and national levels. USAID also ensures that women are empowered to play a role in peace building.

At the state level, USAID efforts increase focus on knowledge and skills essential to improve conflict management and sustainable development, such as land use, planning and natural resource management. At the regional level, USAID promotes efforts to manage conflict and promote development along state boundaries. USAID also focuses on inclusive, conflict- sensitive humanitarian responses and development planning to reduce local tensions and violence.

Training at universities has reduced the number of conflicts on campuses, resulting in the Ministry of Federal Affairs incorporating peer mediation into a peace building strategy that is now being implemented at 22 federal universities. Improved relationships between ethnic groups and clans have reduced localized violence—specifically livestock rustling—and increased the sharing of grazing lands and water points.

Humanitarian Assistance

Ethiopia's population remains highly vulnerable to perennial environmental shocks, including flooding, drought, volcanic activity, disease outbreaks, and crop losses associated with locust and army worm infestations. Additionally, localized conflict and resultant population movements strain limited local resources, further impacting food security, nutrition and water availability in affected. To save lives and reduce suffering, USAID provides emergency food aid, emergency relief supplies, therapeutic feeding for malnutrition, protection for vulnerable populations, and water and sanitation improvements to vulnerable populations. In 2013, USAID humanitarian assistance supported food distributions to more than half of the 2.7 million Ethiopians identified by needs assessments, as well as provided more than $23 million to respond to non-food emergencies. 

Building Resilience

USAID collaborates with the Government of Ethiopia, international organizations, U.N. agencies, and other donors to respond to disasters in a timely manner and increase Ethiopians’ ability to withstand the effects of shocks. For the strongest response to these crises, USAID created a Joint Planning Cell in the Horn of Africa, bringing together relief and development teams to identify ways to layer, sequence and integrate humanitarian assistance and development programs around the shared goal of building resilience. The Joint Planning Cell has developed plans focused on the region’s worst hit areas and aims to benefit directly 10 million people and to reduce the region’s emergency caseload by one million people by 2017. In April 2012, USAID, together with more than 51 donor and international development partners, led the formation of the Global Alliance for Action for Drought Resilience and Growth in response to a call from Heads of State from East Africa’s Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to end recurrent drought emergencies in the Horn. The Global Alliance brings together relief and development actors and resources to take joint action in support of effective country-led plans, with an emphasis on building resilience and promoting economic growth in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel. USAID is serving as the “convener” for the Global Alliance.

Some of USAID Ethiopia's activities designed to build resilience are:

  • Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME): Contribute to increased growth with resiliency in Ethiopia by promoting practical applications of livelihoods information and providing inputs to the decision-making process both on the emergency response and development planning sides

  • Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP): Transfer resources to chronically food-insecure households through food-for-work programs that engage recipients in public works activities focused on the development of community resources

  • U.S. Geological Survey Groundwater and Exploration Activity: Assist the Government of Ethiopia to map and explore underground resources in the eastern lowlands and associated highlands of the Ogaden basin area

  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Transformation for Enhanced Resilience (WATER): Improve access to clean and sustainable water sources for target communities in the Somali, Afar and Oromia regions and enhance public awareness on natural resources to prevent rangeland degradation


See Also

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Last updated: April 16, 2014

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