Map of Ethiopia

Nutrition

Woman with her salad harvest.
Woman with her salad harvest

Twenty-nine percent of Ethiopian women are malnourished, and 44 percent of children suffer from chronic under-nutrition. Both micronutrient and protein-caloric malnutrition are complications for children, may stunt a child’s growth, and have other long-term implications for their development. In conjunction with the Feed the Future Initiative, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and other USAID programs to end hunger and improve nutrition, USAID nutrition programs provide technical assistance in developing national policy, programs, guidelines and institutional capacity to monitor undernourished populations. Nutrition assessment and counseling support is provided by USAID and its partners to hospitals and health centers, in addition to fortification and supplementation of micronutrients. USAID also combats malnutrition by providing training and materials for nutrition education on a community level.

Through our non-governmental organization partners, USAID is supporting nutrition-related activities to reach food insecure households under the Productive Safety Net Program. These activities seek to improve the nutritional status of targeted communities with a focus on improving the quality of health services for pregnant and lactating mothers, raising awareness of healthy nutrition practices, improving the health, nutrition, water and sanitation status of children, developing the capacity of health extension workers, supporting community-based management of acute malnutrition, and harmonizing activities with the Ethiopian Government's health and nutrition initiatives, and providing nutritious food to mothers and children.

Activities Include

  • Development Food Assistance Program (DFAP) – Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP): Improve the nutritional status of targeted communities with a focus on improving the quality of health services for pregnant and lactating mothers, raising awareness on healthy practices, and developing the capacity of health extension workers. Through our partners (Relief Society of Tigray, Food for the Hungry-Ethiopia, and Catholic Relief Services), USAID is supporting nutrition-related activities to reach food insecure households under the Productive Safety Net Program. These activities seek to improve the nutritional status of targeted communities with a focus on improving the quality of health services for pregnant and lactating mothers, raising awareness of healthy nutrition practices, improving the health, nutrition, water and sanitation status of children, developing the capacity of health extension workers, supporting community-based management of acute malnutrition, and harmonizing activities with the Ethiopian Government's health and nutrition initiatives, and providing nutritious food to mothers and children.

  • Empowering New Generations in Improved Nutrition and Economic opportunities (ENGINE): Uses sustainable, comprehensive, and coordinated interventions to improve the nutritional status of women and young children. Focuses on strengthening nutrition programs and policy, health care services, community-oriented nutrition and livelihood care and practices, and a rigorous learning agenda.

  • Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) III: Provides technical assistance in nutrition training at national and regional levels in reviewing and updating national HIV/AIDS nutrition policy and guidelines.

  • Food by Prescription: Provides nutritional assessments, counseling, and assistance to HIV+ individuals, pregnant and postpartum women, and orphans and vulnerable children.

  • Urban HIV/AIDS Food and Nutrition Assistance: Advances the nutritional status and quality of life of food-insecure people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving Home Based Care, Antiretroviral Therapy, and Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Services. Also increases school enrollment and attendance of orphans and vulnerable children in urban communities affected by HIV/AIDS.

  • Integrated Family Health Project (IFHP): Strengthen and promote increased use of high-impact family planning, maternal, newborn and child health practices, products and services. IFHP provides an integrated package of family planning and reproductive health, maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Investments directly support the Health Sector Development Plan and the Health Extension Program with a focus on delivery of key services and products through a continuum of quality care from the health center to the health post and community level in rural, peri-urban and hard-to-reach parts of the country. IFHP supports 302 districts in the Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Tigray regions and the emerging regions of Benishangul-Gumuz and Somali. The activity benefits approximately 35.2 million people—roughly 40 percent of the entire population of Ethiopia.

Other USAID Activities that Promote Improved Nutrition in Ethiopia

  • Agricultural Growth Program – Agribusiness Market Development: Support the Government of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Growth Plan (AGP) by improving the competitiveness of value chains that offer job and income opportunities for rural households.

  • Agricultural Growth Program – Livestock Market Development: Support the Government of Ethiopia’s AGP by improving smallholder incomes and nutritional status through investments in selected livestock value chains.

  • Graduation with Resilience to Sustainable Development (GRAD): Graduate 50,000 households (200,000 people) in 16 districts from the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) through increased income and creation of assets that enhance their livelihoods potential. GRAD looks for opportunities to create synergies/coordinate with other activities to ensure that households receive maximum health and nutrition benefits.

  • Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME): Target pastoral areas of Ethiopia to promote the viability and resiliency of pastoralist communities through market development and natural resource management. Graduate 50,000 households (200,000 people) in 16 districts from the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) through increased income and creation of assets that enhance their livelihoods potential.


Related Resources

Last updated: July 16, 2014

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